Lecture+29+_Social+Psychology_-2

Lecture+29+_Social+Psychology_-2 - Psychology II Lecture 28...

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Psychology II Lecture 28 :
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Social Behavior: Interacting with people Social Influence: Controlling people Social Cognition: Understanding people
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Social cognition: the process by which people come to understand others Is he nice? Will she be a fair grader? Will she contribute to this Is he dangerous? Is she  intelligent? Why is he acting that  way?
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Social cognition: the process by which people come to understand others Two main ways that we tend to draw inferences about others: 1) From the groups to which they belong 2) From the things they say and do
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Stereotyping: drawing inferences about others based on what we know of their categories
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“An often sounder clue is facial expression, shaped by cultural, not anthropological, factors. Chinese wear rational calm of tolerant realists. Japs…show humorless intensity of ruthless mystics.” “Those who know them best often rely on facial expression to tell them apart : the Chinese expression is likely to be more placid, kindly, open; the Japanese more positive, dogmatic, arrogant.” “Japanese are hesitant, nervous in conversation, laugh loudly at the wrong time. Japanese walk stiffly erect, hard-heeled. Chinese, more relaxed, have an easy gait, sometimes shuffle.” Negative Stereotypes In History “How to Tell Your Friends from the Jap -Time Magazine, December 22, 1941
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Stereotyping: drawing inferences about others based on what we know of the groups they belong to Problems with stereotypes: 1) They can be inaccurate 2) They can be overused 3) They can be self-perpetuating
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Inaccurate Stereotypes Inaccurate stereotypes can formed by inaccurate perception
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About how often did members in Group A behave badly? A. 10% of the time B. 33% of the time C. 50% of the time D. 66% of the time
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About how often did members in Group B behave badly? A. 10% of the time B. 33% of the time C. 50% of the time D. 66% of the time
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Inaccurate Stereotypes Even though members of both groups behaved badly 1/3 (33%) of the time, participants overestimated proportion of Group B’s bad behavior (e.g., over 50%) Both Group B membership and bad behavior were rare, thus, participants more likely to notice
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Lecture+29+_Social+Psychology_-2 - Psychology II Lecture 28...

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