EXPERIMENT #3: COLOGNE MAKING
Dampil, Dianne T.
Professor Medarlo De Jesus, School of Chemical Engineering, Chemistry and Biotechnology, Mapua
Institute of Technology; Dampil, Dianne T., CHM144L/A21, School of Chemical Engineering, Chemistry
and Biotechnology, Mapua Institute of Technology
Cologne is a lesser concentration of perfume that originated in Germany in the 16th century. The term "eau de
cologne" is technically a specific fragrance. However, outside of Germany, it has become generically used to
describe a scented formula containing essential oils and used as a toiletry.
The first cologne was sold in 1709 by Giovanni Maria Farina, an Italian perfumer originally from Italy. He
named the new perfume "Eau de cologne" after his new hometown of Cologne, Germany. The term was later
shortened to simply "cologne." Farina's formula has continued to be manufactured in Germany and is still held as
a closely guarded secret today.
Cologne is a term given to a fragrance similar to perfume, but is used by men. Women may also use cologne
but it is typically associated with male use. It is used to give the body or surroundings a pleasant smell.
Cologne contains a mixture of citrus oils including lemon, lime, orange, neroli and tangerine in an ethanol
base. The base is typically 70 to 90% alcohol. It can also contain oils of jasmine, lavender, rosemary and thyme
but the official formula is dependent upon the individual brand and manufacturer.
There are three main types of cologne. Eau de cologne has a mild, long-lasting scent. Eau de toilette has the
lightest scent but is also the longest lasting. Cologne, without the "eau de," is the most common type and has a
heavy scent that doesn't last long. Among these types, there are hundreds of brands of cologne. Some of the most
popular include Old Spice, Stetson and Aqua Velva.
Many people confuse eau de cologne with eau de toilette. The difference between these two, aside from the
scent and longevity, is the content. Eau de cologne contains approximately 3 to 8% aromatic compounds mixed in
an alcohol base. Eau de toilette contains around 5 to 15% aromatic compounds mixed in an alcohol or water base.
50mL and250 ml beaker
Chemicals and Procedure