AN 349 - 3 - 9/9/10 Beginning of 20th Century China Qing...

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9/9/10 Beginning of 20 th Century China Qing Dynasty (Ching) o Manchurian Rulers - ruled for 300 years By 19 th century, western colonization broke down regime Questioning if Chinese culture is still capable o Exam System Stress on education for official positions Not enough officials, cost of governing too high Lowest official was a county majestry o Served as judge, police, tax collector, legislature, etc o Lack of manpower undermined gov’t power 1911 Revolution o Organized local uprisings collapse Qing Dynasty o New country: Republic of China (Republican period) o Sun Yat-Sen – Head of new state Market Economy, Democratic Politics Constitution: Modeled after America and Germany Guomindang (GMD)/Kuomintng (KMT)/Nationalist Party o May 4 Movement (1919) A group of intellectuals/students campaigning against Confucian culture Believed that Confucianism blocked modernization Mao suits – Western practicality w/o copying too closely
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AN 349 - 3 - 9/9/10 Beginning of 20th Century China Qing...

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