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Unit 3 Seminar - Welcome PA 101 Unit 3 We will start at the...

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Welcome PA 101, Unit 3 We will start at the top of the hour. The Lecture today will cover a general overview of structure and hierarchy of federal and state courts
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Unit 3: What’s due this week? * NO SEMINAR 11/24/11 * Quiz * Discussion Board TWO SEPARATE QUESTIONS 1. The Courts in Your State 2. Who has Jurisdiction * * Writing Assignment: The US Courts
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CONSTITUTIONAL BREAK DOWN of the UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT The Legislative branch is outlined in Article I . It outlines our bicameral system of our Legislature . Article II outlines the Executive branch, where the President is the head. Article III outlines the Judicial branch, our federal court system Remember State Constitutions will also outline the structure for their government. Most states will mirror the federal government.
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US FEDERAL GOVERNMENT Each State Government
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Jurisdiction What is it?  Authority to hear a  particular case Gives authority to the  court  to ‘rule’ on case Courts can have limited  or general jurisdiction Considerations Who are the parties? What is the subject matter? Where is the geographical  location of incident/event  and the parties?
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Federal or State Jurisdiction? * A federal or state court must have subject-matter jurisdiction to hear a case. Article III, Section 2, of the U.S. Constitution sets forth the jurisdiction of federal courts. * Federal courts have limited jurisdiction to hear cases involving federal questions and cases involving diversity of citizenship. * State courts have jurisdiction to hear certain types of cases.
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Jurisdiction of FEDERAL courts Diversity of Citizenship 1. Parties are from different states and 2. Amount in controversy greater than $75,000 Case is not a federal question but a state issue Case can be heard in federal court but will apply applicable state law Federal Question Question of law arising from the Constitution Question of federal law, statute, code or Act Special Courts like Bankruptcy & Patent & Trade
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Pop Quiz Diversity of Citizenship True or False? All cases with an amount in controversy over $75,000 must be brought in Federal Court.
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Common Misunderstandings T or F All cases with an amount in controversy over $75,000 must be brought in Federal Court. This is False! State courts hear cases with amounts in controversy over $75,000. This is just the minimum amount before a Federal court will hear a Diversity case. Ready for another question?
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Pop Quiz: Question 2 True or False If the amount in controversy is over $75,000 then that is all that is needed to bring a case to federal court.
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Check your understanding!
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