Social Psychology - Chapter One Notes Questions to think...

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Chapter One Notes Questions to think about In what ways are children’s home, school and neighborhood experiences the same today as they were in generations past, and in what ways are they different? How are the infants and young child’s perceptions of the world the same as the adults’, and how are they different? Child Development –an area of study devoted to understanding constancy and change through adolescence. -Child Development is part of a larger, interdisciplinary field known as developmental science which includes all changes we experience throughout the lifespan. -Common goal is to describe and identify those factors that influence the consistencies and changes in young people during the first two decades of life- The Field of Child Development (4) Interdisciplinary –our large storehouse of information about child development. Domains of Development (4-5) -Development divided into THREE broad domains. 1- Physical –Changes in body size, proportions, appearance, functioning of body systems, perceptual and motor capacities and physical health. 2- Cognitive –Changes in intellectual abilities including attention, memory, academic and every day knowledge, creativity and language 3-Emotional and Social –changes in emotional communication, self-understanding, knowledge about other people, interpersonal skills, friendships, intimate relationships and moral reasoning and behavior. /\ are not distinct; combine and integrated, holistic fashion to yield the living, growing child. Periods of Development (5-6) Age periods used that serve as important transitions in major theories: 1- Prenatal Period –from conception to birth 2- Infancy and Toddlerhood –birth to 2 years 3- Early Childhood -2 to 6 years 4- Middle Childhood -6 to 11 years 5- Adolescense -11 to 18 years And finally due to prolonged caregiving a sixth has been added 6- Emerging Adulthood -18 to 25 years Basic Issues (6-7) Theory –an orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, explains, and predicts behavior. ( D.E.P ) Theories are vital tools for reasons: 1-Provide organizing frameworks for our observations of children (guide and give meaning to) 2-Theories that are verified by research often serve as a sound basis for practical action /\ A theories continued existence depends on Scientific Verification –must be tested using a fair set of procedures agreed on by the scientific community. Findings must be able to be replicated. Three Basic Issues 1-Is the course of development continuous or discontinuous? 2-Does one course of development characterize all children, or are there many possible courses? 3-Are genetic or environmental more important in influencing development? Continuous or Discontinuous Develop. (7-8)
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 261 taught by Professor Suegordon during the Spring '11 term at College of Southern Nevada.

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Social Psychology - Chapter One Notes Questions to think...

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