Lecture 20

Lecture 20 - Outline Basic definitions Personality PSY...

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1 Personality PSY 120000: Fall 2011 Purdue University Dr. Eric D. Wesselmann 3 Outline Basic definitions Historical Approaches Modern Approaches 4 What is Personality? Set of psychological characteristics that: ± distinguishes an individual from others ± leads to consistent actions across situations Characteristics: ± Affect / Behavior / Cognitions Personality TRAIT: ± Stable predisposition to act in certain way 6 Psychodynamic Perspective In his clinical practice, Freud encountered patients suffering from nervous disorders. Their complaints could not be explained in terms of purely physical causes. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Culver Pictures
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7 Psychodynamic Perspective 1. Unconscious mind 2. Psychosexual stages of development 3. Defense mechanisms Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Culver Pictures 8 I. The Unconscious Mind Unconscious mind - A reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. 9 I. The Unconscious Mind Assessment techniques: 1. Free Association 2. Dream Analysis ± Focus on symbolism, particularly related to genitals and sexuality ± E.g. Phallic Symbol 12 Personality Structure Personality develops as a result of our efforts to resolve conflicts between our biological impulses (id) and social restraints (superego).
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13 Id, Ego and Superego Id – “savage driving force”; unconsciously strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives, operating on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification. Ego - the “executive” and mediates the
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2012 for the course PSYC 120 taught by Professor Bethlebreton during the Fall '11 term at Purdue.

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Lecture 20 - Outline Basic definitions Personality PSY...

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