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Lecture 21 - What is Personality Modern Approaches to...

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34 Modern Approaches to Personality Psychology 35 What is Personality? Set of psychological characteristics that: distinguishes an individual from others leads to consistent actions across situations Characteristics: Affect / Behavior / Cognitions Personality TRAIT: Stable predisposition to act in certain way 36 Personality Assessment Systematic measurement of the different aspects of personality Two types: 1. Projective Personality Tests 2. Self-Report Inventories 37 Self-Report Inventories (SRIs) Individuals provide information about their affect, behaviors, and cognitions on standardized items Two types of SRIs: 1. Single-dimension [trait] 2. Multiple-dimension [trait]
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38 Single Dimension Example A. I find it easy to manipulate people. B. I don't like it when I find myself manipulating people. A. I am a born leader. B. Leadership is a quality that takes a long time to develop. A. Being an authority doesn't mean that much to me. B. People always seem to recognize my authority. A. I just want to be reasonably happy. B. I want to amount to something in the eyes of the world.
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