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Lecture 34 - 21 Phobias...

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Therapy PSY 12000: Fall 2011 Purdue University Dr. Eric D. Wesselmann 18 Environmental Factors Do people learn to act abnormally? Role of culture A culture that emphasizes thinness may predispose you to bulimia nervosa Cultural background may influence the kinds of delusions seen in schizophrenia Conditioning may play a role as well Specific phobias may be acquired through classical conditioning or observational learning 19 From “Disorders” lectures Systematic Desensitization Work through an “anxiety hierarchy” of situations that lead to fearful reactions Imagine fearful situations while remaining relaxed Exposure Therapy Confront the anxiety-provoking stimuli directly 20 Exposure Therapy
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Unformatted text preview: 21 Phobias: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H8GHsjBhWV8 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B-qtnCiX5b4 Aversion Therapy ± Replace a positive reaction to a harmful stimulus with something negative ± Example: Give a drug that causes severe nausea when alcohol is ingested 22 Social Skills Training ± Uses modeling and reinforcement to shape appropriate adjustment skills ± For example, to teach conversational skills, the therapist might: ² Discuss appropriate verbal responses ² May be followed with a videotaped demonstration ² Role play a conversation ² “Assign” client to practice skills before next session 23...
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