Midterm+Exam+-+Review+Questions - Mid-term Exam Possible...

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Mid-term Exam Possible Questions Fall 2011 790:371 Bathory Plato: Cave = Book VII Book 4 = importance of women, equality of woen Book 5 – Only philosopher/king has knowledge Book 3 – education of kings Plato Politics Aristotle Republic Your midterm exam will be taken from the following seven questions and 1other question not provided 1. How would Plato defend himself against the charges, implicit and explicit, leveled at him by Aristotle in the Politics ? Your answer should take into account Aristotle’s understanding of the “household” as the foundation of education in the “polis” and Socrates’ discussion of the “cave” as indicative of the “education” or lack of education of Athenians. For example the “city in speech” might be defended with reference to the “Cave” and the deficiencies of Athenian education illustrated by the “cave.” Cite specific arguments in both the Politics and the Republic in your “defense.” 2. Aristotle and Plato both speak at length about the importance of women and the family. Compare their understandings of the place of women and the family and discuss the understanding of politics each develops as a result of these differences. Aristotle and Plato have developed two very distinct viewpoints on family and the household. In disapproval of many of Plato’s claims, Aritstotle believes that a hierarchy exists in the household which is categorized by three explicit relationships: the master-slave, the parent-child and the husband-wife relationships. These relationships are created in for the betterment of both parties. The slave does not have the intellect to be of proper authority which is why the master directs him of what to do. The children are too immature and undeveloped to rule, so their parents must take control. In Books I and II, Aristotle states that Women, have the necessary virtue and intelligence but simply do not possess the authority to rule and are therefore subject to their subordination. These are the basic interactions which transcend to the overarching association of the city, which is aimed at achieving the highest good for its citizens Plato, on the other hand, does not quite see the family as explicitly as Aristotle does. He proposes that his ideal city in speech would have women, children and property all part of communal pool. In fact in Book 5, he completely abolishes the idea of the family. He is concerned that private property and possessions would contribute to greed and wickedness and the further corruption of the soul.
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From these conflicting views develops two distinct understandings of politics. Aristotle asserts that like the household, where the father is the commander, a
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Midterm+Exam+-+Review+Questions - Mid-term Exam Possible...

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