FInal - Final Exam Review Questions December 22 Fall 2011...

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Final Exam Fall 2011 Review Questions Bathory December 22 The final exam will be taken from the following. You will be asked to write on three of them. I will drop one question for you to answer the rest. 1. Plato, Aristotle and Cicero are critics of democracy in that they do not regard democracy as the best form of government. What are the defects of democracy in their respective views? What are democracy = s virtues and advantages? What factors can lead to the decline of democracy? How is it possible to strengthen the positive qualities (and to weaken the negative aspects) of democratic political life? Plato: Republic – Book VIII (ideal is Aristocracy – Philosopher Good - dominated by freedom and equality o unlike an Oligarchy where there is no equality - fairest and best possible regime – but not the one most wished for Bad - freedom dominates - self rule and TOO much freedom is not good as the control of the state is left to the masses o Full equality leaves potential for personal gain over public good = highly corruptible. Aristotle: Politics – Book 6 (ideal is polity – mixure) Good - rule of many is better than rule of few - Freedom is greatest and most appealing aspect of democracy Bad - Rule of poor and most likely unskilled and unfit to have total control of the state – rule of poor = higly corruptible - Rule of needy, WHILE democracy is good, polity is BETTER - Yet when the masses of poor rule, it is not good as they do not have the skill - opposite of polity Cicero: On the Commonwealth – Book III - wanted limited monarchy, knew that Caesars desire to make Rome great was patriotic and was most fit to be emporer BUT did not like his means of making it an absolute monarchy Good - people constitute the state and power is all in hands of the people Bad - rule in a the masses is just as bad as a tyranny – akin to mob rule bad - no true equality – no matter
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- democracy is where people constitute the state – akin to mob rule o –ideal common wealth = one filled with justice and law AND common good - - He saw that although the democrats were sometimes useful, when in their proper place they supported the popular interests, yet, on the whole, they were a very dangerous, precipitous, and violent body, continually straining after political dignities they knew not how to maintain; clamorous for perilous innovations which would have laid the glory of the state in ashes; rioting in all the reckless exasperations of schisms and factions; and eager for all revolutions which place honour, and authority, and wealth at the mercy of chance and confusion. 2. In the Gorgias , Socrates criticizes Athens and Athenian rhetoric as the foundation of Athenian education. In his Confessions , St. Augustine, and in Book XIX of the City of God Augustine criticizes Rome and Roman rhetoric and its use at the center of Roman public education. Compare Augustine = s critique of rhetorical education to that of Plato. In what ways would they agree?
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course POLISCI 345 taught by Professor Bathory during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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FInal - Final Exam Review Questions December 22 Fall 2011...

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