S2011-+BIS+2C+Study+Questions+1.doc

S2011-+BIS+2C+Study+Questions+1.doc - Keen & Sinha S11 BIS...

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Keen & Sinha S11 -1- BIS 2C Study Questions 1 Phylogenetics 1 . Rana catesbiana and Rana silvestris are frogs . Using only information in the name , what do we know about Mus silvestris? a) it is a frog species b) it is in the same order as frogs c) it is in the same phylum as frogs d) it is in the same class as frogs e) it shares one descriptive feature with a frog species 2 . Suppose you were looking at a collection of plants. There are some morphological differences among them that make you wonder whether they are all the same species. There is one character where the differences are most likely to indicate that the plants belong to different species instead of indicating different responses to the local environment. This character is: a) differences in overall size b) differences in leaf shape c) differences in flower reproductive parts d) differences in stem thickness e) differences in leaf number 3 . In phylogeny reconstruction, why are homoplasious traits not useful? a) because they don’t exhibit variation b) because they are too variable c) because they are independently evolved in each taxon d) because they came from a common ancestor e) because they define paraphyletic groups 4. In North American deserts, plants of genus Cactus have reduced leaves and store water in enlarged stems. In African deserts, plants of genus Euphorbia conserve water in the same way. However, where members of Euphorbia occur outside of a desert, they look nothing like Cactus . How do you explain similarities between desert euphorbs and cacti? a) divergent selection on body form b) stabilizing selection on body form c) frequency-dependent selection on body form d) convergent evolution in body form e) the body forms are homologous
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Keen & Sinha S11 -2- The cladogram above represents 8 species (A to H) of monkey-pod plants. Flowers are flat ( ) or tubular ( ). Open flowers are yellow, dotted flowers are purple, and hatched flowers are red. Use this cladogram to answer questions 5-9. 5 . Flat flowers are bee-pollinated and tubular flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds. What is the ancestral flower type according to this cladogram? a) flat and yellow b) flat and purple c) long, tubular and red d) short, tubular and red e) flat, but purple or yellow 6 . How many times did red tubular flowers evolve according to the most parsimonious interpretation of the above cladogram? a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 e) 5 1 2 A B C D E F G H
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Keen & Sinha S11 -3- 7 . Which character evolved at node 2? a) flat flowers b) yellow flowers c) red flowers d) tubular flowers e) purple flowers 8 . Suppose you had other evidence to suggest that red tubular flowers evolved at node 1. What else must have occurred, if that were true? a)
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2012 for the course BIS 101/102 taught by Professor Etzler during the Spring '10 term at UC Davis.

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S2011-+BIS+2C+Study+Questions+1.doc - Keen & Sinha S11 BIS...

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