06- Fruits &Vegs

06- Fruits &Vegs - Universidad Complutense de...

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1 Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain Moncloa Campus. Campus of International Excellence PhD. Montaña Cámara Food Science and Nutrition Department. mcamara@farm.ucm.es EUROPE SPAIN FOOD SCIENCE DEPARTMENT : Teaching and research Graduate Programs Pharmacy (Nutrition and dietetics) Food Science and Technology Human Nutrition and Dietetics Postgraduate Programs Pharmaceutical Sciences (Food and Health Speciality) University Outreach and International Programs Offices of the Chancellor and Provost University of California Davis, CA 95616 Web: http://uoip.ucdavis.edu Jennifer N. Wong Development Analyst Phone: 530-754-8828; Fax: 530-752-1918 Email: jnwwong@ucdavis.edu
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2 www.viu.es gestionacademica@campusviu.es M Cámara, 2010 DEFINITIONS HISTORY OF SOME FRUITS AND VEGETABLES COMPOSITION – NUTRITIVE VALUE SENSORY ATRIBUTES RIPENING STORAGE AND PRESERVATION CHANGES DURING COOKING HEALTH ASPECTS OF PLANT FOODS CONSUMER TRENDS AND RECOMENDATIONS ORGANIC AGRICULTURE are heterotrophic: (“other”- nourished) Plants are autotrophic: SELF-NOURISHED
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3 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Plants have chlorophyll (green pigment found in chloroplasts) which make photosynthesis possible. CO 2 + H 2 0 + light sugar + 0 2 Fruit = derived from the ovary; surrounds the seeds Vegetable = other parts of the plant •stem (asparagus, celery) •roots (beets, carrot, radish) •leaves (lettuce, spinach) •flowers (broccoli, artichoke) Fig Peduncle Strawberry Receptacle Mangosteen Aril Pomegranate seed Outer layer Of the testa Peach Mesocarp Orange Endodermal Intralocular tissue Grapes Pericarp Tomato Placental intralocular tissue Septum Pineapple Peduncle Pedicel Cashew apple FRUITS Rose Family Pome (apples, pears) Stone/ Drupes (cherry, plum, peach) Berries (black, rasp, strawberries) Squash Family (melons) Citrus (lemon, grapefruit, orange) Miscellaneous (banana, fig, date, kiwi, pineapple) FRUIT FAMILIES
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06- Fruits &Vegs - Universidad Complutense de...

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