Exam 1 Study Guide

Exam 1 Study Guide - Miami University PSY 111 Fall, 2011...

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Miami University PSY 111 Fall, 2011 Study Guide—Examination 1/Midterm Exam (Chapters 1- 5) Chapter 1—Introduction and History of Psychology 1. What is the birthdate of modern psychology a. 1879 b. Wilhelm Wundt, “the father of modern psychology”, established the first lab for the scientific study of psych. 2. a. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle b. Provided questions such as, what is the nature of the mind and soul? And where does knowledge come from? c. Most Greek philosophers (except Aristotle) believed that knowledge was innate which means inborn. 3. Who was Descartes? Why is he important? a. Came up with the term Mind-Body Dualism. b. Mind-Body Dualism is the belief that mind and body are separate but interact and influence one another. 4. Who were the British Empiricists? Why were they important? a. John Locke, David Hume, and George Berkeley b. They believed that all knowledge comes from experience and is not innate. 5. Wundt changed psychology from a philosophy to what? a. Wundt changed psychology from a philosophy to a science. b. Thought to be the father of modern psychology. 6. What is Structuralism and who developed it? a. Structuralism is an approach to psychology based on the idea that conscious experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components of elements. b. Developed by Edward Titchner. 7. a. Functionalism is an approach to psychology concerned with the adaptive purpose, or function, of mind and behavior. b. Developed by William James 8. a. A theory based on the idea that the whole of personal experience is different from simply the sum of its constituent elements. b. The whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Studies the whole conscious experience. 9. Why is John Watson important to psychology? B.F. Skinner? a. John Watson is the founder of the school of behaviorism. Behaviorists thought that the only appropriate topic for a science of psychology is overt, observable behavior. b. B.F. Skinner continued John Watson’s work. He explained how behavior is learned through experience.
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Miami University PSY 111 Fall, 2011 c. Coined the term Operant Conditioning; the theory that organisms learn through reinforcement and punishment. 10. a. Biological : Developed by Michael Gazzaniga. Believes that all behavior and mental processes are due to biology; genes, hormones, and neurotransmitters. Biological psychologists treat depression by prescribing a medication. b. Behavioral : Developed by Watson and Skinner. Believe that all Behavior and Mental Processes are due to learning through rewards and punishments. c.
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course PSY 111 taught by Professor Cooper during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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Exam 1 Study Guide - Miami University PSY 111 Fall, 2011...

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