Ch-1.+9--Motivation+and+Emotion

Ch-1.+9--Motivation+and+Emotion - Chapter 11Motivation and...

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Chapter 11—Motivation and Emotion Motivation--factors that influence initiation, direction, intensity, & persistence of behaviors 4 Sources of Motivation: 1) Biological Needs --food, water, sex. 2) Emotional Factors --emotions can cause us to act in certain ways (fear, love, anger) 3) Cognitive Factors --beliefs and thoughts / perceptions cause us to act. 4) Social Factors 3 Theories of Motivation: 1) Instinct theory --behavior motivated by instincts -- unlearned, automatic “habits” 2) Drive-Reduction Theory -based on concept of Homeostasis --tendency to keep the body “balanced” Change in homeostasis creates a Need --a biological requirement Brain responds to needs by creating Drives --feeling of arousal that prompts us to take action Drive Reduction Theory differs from Instinct Theory in that it recognizes the influence of learning on motivation— it does this by distinguishing between primary and secondary drives: Primary drives --stem from biological needs & satisfies by food,
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course PSY 111 taught by Professor Cooper during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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Ch-1.+9--Motivation+and+Emotion - Chapter 11Motivation and...

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