Chapter 1 Notes

Chapter 1 Notes - Prologue-Introduction and History of...

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Prologue--Introduction and History of Psychology Psychology --The scientific study of behavior and mental processes The foundation of psychology is Empirical Research Empirical - Gaining information through direct observation and experience 1879-- 1st laboratory for the scientific study of psychology was established Wilhelm Wundt at the University of Leipzig, Germany But, the roots of psychology can be traced to the beginning of time! 400B. C. The Greek Philosophers (Aristotle, Socrates, Plato) Provided questions we still ask today in psych such as: Where does knowledge come from? **Tended to believe that some knowledge is innate or “inborn” 1600’s Rene Descartes Mind-Body Dualism Belief that the mind & body can interact to influence each other (Interacted in the pineal gland in the brain—not true!) 1700’s British Empiricists (John Locke, David Hume, George Berkeley) Believed that ALL knowledge comes from EXPERIENCE People are born “tabula rasa” (Locke) -- with a “clean slate” -- no knowledge
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course PSY 111 taught by Professor Cooper during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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Chapter 1 Notes - Prologue-Introduction and History of...

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