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Inquiry 3 Rough - 1 Farley Conor Farley Brian Santin...

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1 Farley Conor Farley Brian Santin English 111 24 October 2011 All You Need Is Love? “All you need is love.” This is a very definitive statement taken from arguably the most influential band of their time, The Beatles. Yet, despite the Ethos appeal from this seemingly simple statement, what does “love” really entail? Is it passionately smooching in the rain, after some long awaited climax in a ridiculously romantic plot? Or is it finally “tappin’” that smoking hot chick from chemistry class? Both of these could be correct, because, like most arguments, there seems to be two sides to the debate over what love really is. Love has historically been divided into four somewhat distinct sections: Eros, or marital and sensual, love, Storge, or parental, love, Agape, or selfless, love, and finally Phileo, or brotherly, love. The term “love” can be used to describe just about anything in the modern world, for example, I could claim that I happen to “love” painting pictures of horses naked while listening to techno-music. However at its’ base form, love boils down to these four subsections, not an obsession with material objects or acts. The true debate comes from whether or not these “four loves” are simply a biological means of furthering the human race through the brains’ release of hormones and chemicals, or something more than a survival based mechanism. Does a girl really “love” her boyfriend, or is this intense feeling simply due to the oxytocin, dopamine, and other chemicals released when there are together? Does a husband really love and revere his wife, or is his monogamy
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2 simply due to the fact that as humans we are traditionally a “K-selected,” or slow to reproduce, monogamous species? These are both valid questions in regard to the idea of love as a base emotion, or something more, and it is truly up to debate whether or not The Beatles had the slightest clue as to the complexity of what they were preaching. The idea of Eros, or romantic and sensual, love is an easy one to grasp initially. Romantic “love” can be seen in numerous places after all: In movies, magazines, children’s books, etc. The list appears to be endless as to how much stylized Romanticism can be crammed into our brains before even hitting the age of 20. Yet what is this inexplicable, confusing, and occasionally infuriating emotion the product of? Science points mainly to a single drug released in the brain not only after sexual intercourse, but also within the first 18 months of romantic “love”: oxytocin (wiseGeek, 1). Oxytocin has been affectionately (no pun intended) titled “the cuddle hormone,” and is released in the brain of both participants in a romantic or sexual relationship. As previously stated, in a romantic relationship, oxytocin levels are, “… strongest in the first 18 months of romantic love, and trail(s) off afterwards, though never vanish(es) completely” (wiseGeek, 1). Other chemicals are also given off by the brain with no more than a touch,
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