f_0019732_16808

f_0019732_16808 - The European Union Foreign and Security...

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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 1, Spring 2010 92 The European Union Foreign and Security Actions and the Western Balkans Siret Hursoy * Abstract The EU’s realisation of the need to develop more cogent external relations, foreign and security policies towards the Western Balkans can be attributable to the failure of Europeans to end conflicts on their doorstep in Bosnia, Croatia, Albania and Kosovo throughout the 1990s. It is argued that the EU’s network of external relations traditionally consists of three main elements: trade, foreign and security policy and development co-operation. Therefore, this paper will dwell upon the EU’s international role through its external relations elements which are also considered to be the main tools of bringing stability and prosperity into the Western Balkans. Moreover, it will be argued that the EU has an extensive network of foreign relations, but no ‘real’ foreign policy. This article will specifically examine the experiences of the EU’s CFSP by highlighting the success and failures of the ESDP in the region. Key words: security, defense, Balkans, EU Introduction The EU’s realisation of the need to develop more cogent external relations, foreign and security policies towards the Western Balkans can be attributable to the failure of Europeans to end conflicts on their doorstep in Bosnia, Croatia, Albania and Kosovo throughout the 1990s. It must be stated here that the EU’s network of external relations traditionally consists of three main elements: trade, foreign and security policy and development co-operation. 1 Therefore, this paper will dwell upon the EU’s international role through its external relations elements which are also considered to
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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 1, Spring 2010 93 be the main tools of bringing stability and prosperity into the Western Balkans. Moreover, it will be argued that the EU has an extensive network of foreign relations, but no ‘real’ foreign policy. All the above mentioned three main elements of the EU’s external relations refer to the fact that the EU is still regarded as a soft/civilian power. Firstly , this article will focus on new security challenges in the Balkans such as state disintegration, ethnic conflicts, organised crime, trafficking and smuggling of migrants and drugs, which are making impossible to put sharp dividing lines between internal and external security of the EU. Secondly , the lack of clearly defined institutional identity of the EU’s CFSP and unsuccessful experiences of the EU in the Western Balkans will be addressed. The EU does not have a foreign policy in the same meaning that a nation-state has a foreign policy. This will be analysed within the framework of a dilemma that the EU has some sort of action , but does not have a ‘real’ foreign policy. Thirdly , how much EU became successful in the elimination of new security challenges in the Western Balkans will be explored. This section will
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f_0019732_16808 - The European Union Foreign and Security...

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