{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

f_0019736_16812 - Economic Sanctions A Panacea to Democracy...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 1, Spring 2010 192 Economic Sanctions: A Panacea to Democracy and Good Governance in Zimbabwe? Heather Chingono * Abstract Against a background of the augmented utilization of economic sanctions as a prescriptive measure to restore/establish democracy in autocratic or semi-autocratic regimes, this article seeks to explore the impact of economic sanctions on Zimbabwe’s democratization process. This article argues that imposing sanctions on Zimbabwe further rendered the prospects of democracy attainment a murky area as reflected by some of the internal and external strategies espoused by the Zimbabwe government in redressing the unintentional manifestations of economic sanctions. Palpably, the use of economic sanctions to induce democracy in Zimbabwe has to a large extent failed, yet, on the contrary it has provided an opportunity, a scapegoat, and a fertile (conducive) platform for the government to further deny citizens their political freedoms whilst blaming it on external forces. This article’s conclusions and results seek to bring out the significant policy implications related to the utilization of sanctions as an apparatus for attaining the political freedoms of people and to reveal some of the unintended outcomes of sanctions. Key words: economic sanction, democracy, governance, Zimbabwe Introduction For close to a decade now, Zimbabwe has been under the scourge of multilateral economic sanctions from a host of countries that include United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Common amongst its sanctioners, are the fundamental beliefs and values attached to principles of democracy which the sub-
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 1, Spring 2010 193 Saharan African state has failed to meet. More so, these fundamental beliefs have shaped these states’ motives for imposing sanctions on Zimbabwe. Regarding the Zimbabwean situation, consensus prevails among the Western states that the fundamental objective of the Zimbabwe sanctions is to restore democracy and normalcy as according to the western modern standards of democracy 1 . Accordingly, the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001, adopted by the United States Congress (ZIDERA), explicitly states that its adoption was meant to “support the people of Zimbabwe in their struggle to effect peaceful, democratic change, achieve broad-based and equitable economic growth and restore the rule of law 2 . Furthermore, given the pervasiveness of non-democratic targets in the past few decades, targeted for reasons of democratic restoration or its establishment, it is pertinent to explore the impact of sanctions on democratic governance as it is deemed one of the principal reasons for sanction imposition. Accordingly, (Hufbauer, et al. 1997) carried out the most comprehensive time-series cross-national data over the period 1972-2006 on the use of sanctions in the 20 th century 3 . Empirical results of this research show that, about 49% of economic
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern