f_0019742_16818

f_0019742_16818 - Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe Ali...

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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 8, No. 3, Fall 2009 22 Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe Ali Sarihan, Amy Bush, Lawrence Summers, Brent Thompson, Steven Tomasszewski* Abstract This paper will build on ballistic missile defense in Europe. In the first part, a brief historical overview will place the current public management issue into light. This is followed by a discussion of the main actors in the international debate, the problems that arise and the available options and recommendations to address missile defense. In the second part, differences between George W. Bush and Barack H. Obama will analyze under the title “Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe: Evolving Problems during Change in Presidential Administration” Program, Options and Recommendations Historical Overview Missile defense is a relic of the Cold War. With the escalation of nuclear threat between the United States and the USSR, the United States sought a way to prevent full-scale nuclear destruction of key infrastructure and the homeland. President Johnson began the rough draft of a plan to fix the issue with rockets that exploded to disrupt and possibly destroy any incoming nuclear missile. 1 The plan largely remained a side-project in the discussion until the Reagan administration proposed a new space based interception system. The system, when proposed by Reagan, was very theoretical without any necessary technology to implement it, and as a result was dubbed by the media as Star Wars. By 1988, the system had produced a system called Brilliant Pebbles to ram satellites into incoming missiles with the total of all space based funding estimated to be around $100 billion. 2 Needless to say, the USSR was
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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 8, No. 3, Fall 2009 23 less than thrilled of the prospect of their nuclear warheads being ruled as not an option, although with the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty of 1972 ruled out the use of ballistic missiles. When the USSR fell, lots of pressure for missile defense went away since the biggest threat at the time being vanished. George H.W. Bush did not want to abandon the effort, however, and he changed the purpose and strategy of missile defense away from the Star Wars shield model to the Global Protection Against Limited Strikes (GPALS). GPALS was a much more limited focus on actual ground based interception systems as opposed to space- based systems. 3 When Clinton took office in 1993, he changed the name of the program to the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO). The goal and focus of missile defense plans over the years remains the same; to protect the armed forces of the United States and its allies and eventually protect the United States itself. 4
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course COMM 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Boise State.

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f_0019742_16818 - Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe Ali...

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