f_0019753_16825

f_0019753_16825 - The Policies around the BTC Pipeline...

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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 8, No. 4, Winter 2009 20 The Policies around the BTC Pipeline Halil Erdemir * Abstract The post-Cold War years have witnessed rivalries and cooperation among the players for the Caucasus and Caspian Sea natural resources. The significance of the petrochemical resources of the region was increased by the policies were played for the transportation routes and competition on them. The BTC pipeline project was one of the important alternatives of network route of natural resources of the Caspian region for the western markets in general for the region in particular. The issue became a multi-faced matter in the fields of economic, security, political and diplomatic relations of the regional countries. The paper will discuss the BTC pipeline policies of the involving players’ whys and wherefores of interests. Key words : The Caspian Sea resources, energy security, oil and natural gas, the BTC Pipeline, foreign policy. Introduction The disintegration (1991) of Soviet Union led new developments in the former Soviet Republics, and in and around the Caucasus and Caspian region. The newly aroused situations have created opportunities as well as rivalries in many parts of the former Soviet Union. One of these grief rivalries was experienced in the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea region for its natural resources and transporting them to the world markets. (See the map 1: The BTC Pipeline, EIA). 1 Considering the strategic energy issue, one of the regional alliances was made between Turkey, Azerbaijan and Israel in the 1990s. This was a reflection of a new geopolitical reality
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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 8, No. 4, Winter 2009 21 of the post-Cold War era. Such alliance fueled the awareness of the sharing and taking the bigger piece of the pie of natural energy resources and transferring into the World market. A number of scholars 2 have drawn their attention to the emergence of the alliances and policies in the region. Alexander Murinson (2008) has discussed in his recent publication the trilateral axis (Azerbaijan-Turkey-Israel) in the post-Cold War era, particularly the issue of energy security. 3 International competition to access secure, cheap and reliable energy resources dramatically increased in the recent decades. The impact of energy needs have influenced on the foreign policy making and practicing of the regional countries. This paper explores how the growing importance of energy security contributed to the formation of the strategic alliances and policies of the involving states in and around the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) pipeline. In order to reflect adequately the complexity of the BTC policies in the post Cold War environment, the conceptualization of security is extended beyond military security understanding. This new concept included energy security and transferring networks discoveries and exploration of the natural resources, and related environmental issues. Research problem and relevance
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course COMM 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Boise State.

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f_0019753_16825 - The Policies around the BTC Pipeline...

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