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f_0019758_16829 - Book Review Winning Turkey How America...

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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 8, No. 4, Winter 2009 94 Book Review Winning Turkey: How America, Europe and Turkey Can Revive a Fading Partnership Authors: Philip H. Gordon and Omer Taspinar, Afterword: Soli Ozel Brookings Institution Press, 2008, 115 p., ISBN 978-0-8157-3215-0 Partnership between Turkey, America and Europe has been fading gradually. During the Cold War, Turkey was a vital player for America and Europe. However, the falling of the USSR and some significant events in the last decades, such as Iraq War and Luxemburg Conference, have led decreasing relations between Turkey, America and Europe. Winning Turkey is flashing on the partnership’s problems, and probable solutions for the problems. Winning Turkey consists of six chapters and afterword: “Turkey’s Western Trajectory”. When we look at the chapters’ issues, we see the titles: “Who Lost Turkey?”, “Kemalist, Islamist and The West”, “The Crisis with the United States”, “Europe’s Closing Door”, “Turkey’s Eurasian Alternatives” and “Winning Turkey”. When we look at the first chapter, we observe that American and European policies toward the PKK (Partiya Karkeren Kurdistan) which is an ethnic terrorist organization, and the “Armenian Genocide” have reduced the trust of Turkish people to the West. Nowadays, the USA
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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 8, No. 4, Winter 2009 95 gets the least support from Turkey in the world (p.2). The other issue in the chapter is that if Turkey’s inward politics is getting worse, Turkey will be the adversary of the West because Nationalists and Kemalists do not want any orientation with America and Europe. According to Nationalists and Kemalists America and Europe support the AKP (Justice and Development Party), however, the party would like to replace secular system with Islamic law and also policies of the party are threatening Turkey’s territorial integrity. The election of President Abdullah Gul and its consequence which was April 27 e- memorandum, i.e. a military intervened president election through an online manifesto, plus the manifesto’s outcome was 22 July 2007 general elections and its result 47% the AKP success is explained in the chapter two. Kemalist pillars are radical secularism, assimilations nationalism and transformation the Republic of Turkey into modernity are also mentioned by the authors (p.15). We also notice that in the part, whereas democratization was a fragile issue during the
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