f_0019962_16972

f_0019962_16972 - Iran's Foreign Policy during Ahmadinejad...

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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 2, Summer 2010 1 Iran's Foreign Policy during Ahmadinejad: From Confrontation to Accommodation Amir M. Haji-Yousefi * Abstract Some scholars have observed that Iran's foreign policy has leaned toward assertiveness since Mahmood Ahmadinejad came to power in 2005. They have tried to attribute this assertiveness to some internal and external factors. After reviewing the literature, we argue that the assertiveness of Iran's foreign policy during the first period of Ahmadinejad`s presidency is rooted in psychological (Ahmadinejad belief system), social (the social base of the new government), political (factional rivalries), historical (ideals of the Islamic Revolution), and external (the way Western countries treated Iran during Khatami) factors. On the contrary, it seems that Iran's foreign policy since the recent presidential election in 2009 has somehow softened and it appears to be less confrontational. This change, if real, may have significant implications for Iran's relations with the Western countries, particularly the United States. We seek to identify the main reasons for this change and explicate its main consequences for the Iranian foreign relations. This paper has four sections. First, we discuss the main features of Iran's assertive foreign policy during the first period of Ahmadinejad`s presidency. Secondly, we try to explain the main origins of this assertiveness. Thirdly, the recent developments in Iran's foreign policy, especially Ahmadinejad`s new moderate orientation, will be discussed and the main causes will be spelled out. Finally, the main implications of this change in Iran's foreign behavior will be discussed. Key words: Iran, Foreign Policy, Ahmadinejad, confrontation, accommodation
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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 2, Summer 2010 2 Introduction Some scholars of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s foreign policy believe that the country’s foreign policy has acquired a radical, mainly confrontational-assertive approach since president Ahmadinejad took power in 2005. This paper seeks to examine the following questions: 1) May we say that Iran’s foreign policy has been confrontational-assertive during this period?, 2) If we accept that Ahmadinejad’s foreign policy has been confrontational–assertive, what factors have contributed to it?, 3) Is there any sign of being accommodationist in the past five years?, and finally 4) What is the prospect of Iran’s foreign policy, particularly regarding the Western countries and the United States.? The author believes that Iran’s foreign policy has been confrontational-assertive and accommodationist-active simultaneously. Secondly, the origins of the simultaneous confrontational-assertive and accommodationist-active approaches in Iran’s foreign policy since Ahmadinejad’s taking power may be found in psychological (Ahmadinejad’s system of beliefs), Social (social origin of Ahmadinejad’s Administration),
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course COMM 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Boise State.

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f_0019962_16972 - Iran's Foreign Policy during Ahmadinejad...

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