f_0019965_16975 - Right-wing Populism and the European...

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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 2, Summer 2010 56 56 Right-wing Populism and the European Union Somdeep Sen * Abstract Since its inception the European Union has transformed itself from a mere economic partnership to a regional cooperation, supposedly, embodying laws and values ‘universally’ accepted as ‘good’. This very character has encouraged the EU to pursue the role of a global actor that not only personifies this ‘value-system’ but also strives at disseminating them into the rest of the world. But, over the years the rise of right-wing populism throughout Europe has threatened to challenge some of the core orientating aspects of this ‘value-system’. While electoral victories have demonstrated their ability to impact the character of the EU within its boundaries, this study wonders what impact the rise of the right-wing populism could have on the European Union as a global actor. Key words : Far-right, Right wing populism, European Union, Global Actor, Foreign Policy Introduction At the end of the Second World War, Europe embarked on a landmark initiative in peace building through regional integration and cooperation that ultimately led to the creation of the European Union. Involved in a plethora of political, economic, environmental and social issues, it is safe to say today that the EU often articulates its specific stance based on a particular framework of basic values. These values include the notions of freedom,
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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 2, Summer 2010 57 57 equality, justice and human rights and any EU action on the international stage is seen as a means of promulgating these principles globally. Ironically though, within the Union, several right-wing political movements have gained popularity and have the potential of undermining these values within the boundaries of the European Union. In this study I intend to contrast the growing right-wing populism within the various member states of the EU and the officially ratified and recognized values of the European Union. Having done so, I analyze the possible impact of these domestic changes on the character of the Union as an international actor. The EU as an Actor: Framework of Values To establish a theoretical frame of the European Union as an international actor based on its core values, it would be important to classify this analysis into two categories, namely, domestic values and values of the EU as an international actor. Values of the EU as a Domestic Actor The Maastricht Treaty or the Treaty of the European Union, often termed as the “best known and most controversial of the European treaties”, 1 effectively established the EU and therefore its principles can been seen as being at the core of it. Article F of the Title I: ‘Common Provisions’, 2 and Article K.2 of Title VI: ‘Provisions on Cooperation in the Fields of Justice and Home Affairs’ 3 in reference to the provisions of Article K.1 (Annex.
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course COMM 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Boise State.

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f_0019965_16975 - Right-wing Populism and the European...

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