f_0019966_16976 - The Shifting Global Power Balance...

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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 2, Summer 2010 72 The Shifting Global Power Balance Equations and the Emerging Real ‘New World Order’ Alex Igho Ovie-D’Leone * Abstract Expansion in globalization arising from increased interconnectivity and interdependence across the world is causing a shift both in the focus of what now could determine the principal international power variables and the criteria for power balancing calculus. One direct challenge to the status quo is the emergence on one hand of new state actors which are becoming more assertive, as well as some other new key non-state actors now matching states seemingly one-on-one on the world stage in many spheres of international political concourse. Consequently, there is a visible or perceptible shift from the current US- led unipolar ‘New World Order’ to a new form of multi-faceted power balancing structure that abstracts sharply from the traditional patterns of international power balancing calculus. The predominant position of the US in a post-Cold-War order is being threatened on several fronts. Consequently, unipolarity appears to be obviously on its decline. However, the US has started to respond in kind to such new threats to its continued international hegemony. It is a unilateral response that seeks to perpetrate unipolarity. But how long can it hold on to its grip and status as a global hyper power balancer? The challenges presented by such sundry scenarios including also other new related developments are exhaustively tackled here in this article. Key words: globalization, New World Order, international hegemony, unipolarity
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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 2, Summer 2010 73 As it were, collapse of the USSR in the early 1990s has indeed been a crucial milestone in the annals of world politics. It actually presents a series of prospects as well as manifold urgent challenges to emergence of the so-called unipolar New World Order. Presently, the United States of America (USA) is at the helm of global affairs. It dictates at will most times the pace and general directions of global politics as it deems necessary. Such a role has become incumbent on it because it is the only surviving Superpower from the Cold War era. Russia is on a general decline like most other great and imperial powers after loss of their external alliances and satellite states abroad and after loosing major global contests with key rivals. But Russia’s case had been made even more precarious with the internal schisms within the former USSR which resulted in huge losses of territories and other national material resources when it disintegrated into different new Republics. In any case, a declining Russian profile on the world stage presents manifold positive
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course COMM 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Boise State.

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f_0019966_16976 - The Shifting Global Power Balance...

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