{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

f_0020896_17370 - ALTERNATIVES Turkish Journal of...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A LTERNATIVES: Turkish Journal of International Relations Vol. 9, No. 3, Fall 2010, pp. 8-25 Democratization in the Gulf Monarchies and American Civil Society M. Nazrul Islam* and Muhammad Azam** Abstract The paper deals with the efforts made by American private sector and civil society actors after 2000 to popularize democratic values and norms in the six Gulf states, namely Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. The study is focused on areas including politics, education, culture, media, human rights, and women empowerment. The paper also deals with approaches adopted, goals and objectives set and strategies devised and employed by the American NGOs regarding democracy promotion in the Gulf region. Key words: civil society, democratic values and norms, democratization, human rights, women empowerment Introduction As the Bush Administration laid an increased emphasis on democracy promotion in the Arab world, attention of the American nongovernmental sector was also drawn to the goal of promoting democracy in the region. Nongovernmental U.S. organizations worked * PhD Fellow/Lecturer (Visiting), Department of Politics and International Relations, Faculty of Social Sciences, International Islamic University Islamabad (IIUI), Islamabad, PAKISTAN, Cell: +92 345 5257271, Office: +92 51 9257961, [email protected] . Ex-chairman of Department of Political Science, University of Dhaka. Formerly a Senior Teaching Fellow at the Griffith University, and Fulbright Scholar. PhD from Griffith University, Australia. Authored five books, including Consolidating Asian Democracy, and over 20 articles. ** PhD, Department of Politics and International Relations, Faculty of Social Sciences, International Islamic University Islamabad (IIUI), Islamabad, PAKISTAN. Azam submitted his PhD Dissertation “Democratization of the Gulf Countries: Role of the United States from 2000 to 2008” in June 2010, Department of Politics and International Relations, IIUI. Member visiting faculty at the same Department. He has three journal articles and a book chapter to his credit.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Democratization in the Gulf Monarchies and American Civil Society 9 Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 3, Fall 2010 shoulder to shoulder with the governmental organizations. It does not mean that the American NGOs have not been engaged in democracy promotion in the Arab world before 2000 when George W. Bush took charge of the presidential office. But the point is that there was a mega change in the frequency as well as volume of activities directed by the American civil society to the cause of democracy in the region. Events of 9/11 not only had caused terrible shocks to the Bush Administration but also to the American people. Civil society and businesses in the United States could not stay indifferent to the miseries of those who suffered from the 9/11 events. A strong sense of insecurity prevailed among the Americans. This sense of insecurity mobilized the American NGOs and businesses for making practical contributions to the American security in the longer term, in particular, and to the world peace, in general. The
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern