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f_0020897_17371 - ALTERNATIVES Turkish Journal of...

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A LTERNATIVES: Turkish Journal of International Relations Vol. 9, No. 3, Fall 2010, pp. 26-45. Political Performance and Provincial Governors’ Promotion in China from 1999 to 2007 An Li * Abstract This paper mainly focuses on the mobility of the 31 highest Chinese administrational governors from 1999 to 2007, which includes their promotions, remains and literal transfer and so on. Through collecting and analyzing the information of those governors’ personal as well as the provincial economic and social development conditions by logit regression model. It shows that the popular theory by Professor Zhou that supports a connection between cadres’ promotion and economic performance has its own limited. This paper therefore has given a more comprehensive analysis on the possible factors that influence the promotion of the highest Chinese provincial governors. Key words: Provincial Governors, Promotion, Political Performance Introduction: China’s elite politics Chinese domestic political structure, to some extent, can be understood as a tight system constructing by several levels of Chinese political bureaucrats. Provincial governors are in the second level of political power systems. Under the logic of government structure copied from the system of Chinese Communist Party, it is well known that the political system includes two lines, which are the party system and administrational system. The core of Chinese politics is just as the famous slogan says, “Keep to the path of political development under socialism with Chinese * An Li, Master Research at Fudan University, Department for International Relationship and Public Administration, Shanghai, China. E-mail: [email protected]
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27 An Li Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 3, Fall 2010 characteristics and integrate the leadership of CCP” , the bureaucrats who worked in the party system therefore usually have much more power. Many scholars have argued a lot on highest level of Chinese political elites, especially on the cadres in the central government. The researches on the provincial leaders are rare. However, the role of provincial leaders in Chinese political process becomes more important than before. As the statistic shows, the categories of the members in 16 th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was changing with a high proportion of provincial leaders. Almost 43% members of CCCPC are provincial leaders, 34% are from the central government and 19% are deputies of People's Liberation Army (PLA). At last 4% are occupied by the leaders from state-owned enterprises. I think it is necessary to start a deep research on provincial leaders since it has played a significant part in Chinese political progress. Problem Statement It is well know that personnel control is one of the most important ways for socialist states to govern. Personnel control mechanism, which means the control of cadres’ promotion, literal transfer and demotion, help the communist party select and encourage the proper cadres who submit themselves to the party. This partly reflects
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