This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: ALTERNATIVES: Turkish Journal of International Relations Vol. 9, No. 3, Fall 2010, pp. 46-72. The Potential Value of the Adoption of an Aristotelian-Centred Communitarian Vocabulary: Facilitating a Character Turn Casper Hendrik Claassen * Abstract This article sought to encourage the adoption of novel ethical approaches at the interstice between political and international relations (IR) theory, and character-based approaches in particular. It was argued that though the Fourth Debate has encouraged debate about the ethics of IR theory, surprisingly, character-based approaches have not been discussed, with communitarian and cosmopolitan performative ethics maintaining a conceptual hegemony. The concept of Jus in Bello was nominated for deconstruction since it has traditionally been understood cosmopolitan or communitarian manner based on performative ethic. An Aristotelian vocabulary was adopted in order to deconstruct the concept of Jus in Bello , with Jonathan Haidts moral psychology, Lawrence Kohlbergs moral development psychology, Immanuel Kants ethics, and social contract theory all being used to supplement the nominated Aristotelian reading of Jus in Bello . It was concluded that an Aristotelian reading of Jus in Bello is a viable alternative to and hence an Aristotelian vocabulary could be adopted when attempting to understand certain concepts and phenomena at the interstice between political and IR theory. Key words: international law, Jus in Bello , IR theory, ethics, psychology Introduction International relations (IR) theory has, arguably, come to be dominated by two ethical discourses, namely, deontological and consequentialist ethics, both of which are performative ethics, which have formed the basis for cosmopolitan and communitarian ethics 1 . Deontological and consequentialist ethics have essentially acted as the theoretical framework through which concepts and phenomena have been understood and conceptualized within IR theory 2 . The * Assistant Lecturer, Department of Political Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 0002, SOUTH AFRICA. Fax: +27-12-420-3886; Mobile: +27-82-551-2722; Email: email@example.com . Adoption of an Aristotelian-Centred Communitarian Vocabulary 47 Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 3, Fall 2010 hegemony of deontological and consequentialist ethics has, however, led to conceptual confusion in understanding certain concepts and phenomena and, in general, theoretical stagnation within IR theory. It is essential that IR theory embraces character-based ethics a type of approach to ethics that IR theory has neglected or simply ignored if it is to remain dynamic. Aristotles virtue ethics or stoicism, to name but two ethical systems, could possibly revitalize, or at least augment, IR theory by allowing for the reconceptualization of certain concepts and reinterpretation of certain phenomena....
View Full Document