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Unformatted text preview: ALTERNATIVES TURKISH JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS www.alternativesjournal.net * Ph.D., Previous Employment: Lecturer in International Relations and International Stu- dents Advisor, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Department of Interna- tional Relations, Atilim University, Ankara, Turkey, [email protected] Compromize and Controversy over Global Intercountry Adop- tion: A Comparative Analysis of Adoption in Haiti, Chad, South- east Asian Countries, and Cambodia Kieran E. Uchehara * Authorities in belligerent countries are now faced with a new prob- lem: modern warfare and natural disasters. Between 2001 and 2010, four relatively publicized adoption related cases have caused some Third World countries to revitalize their concerns over the rights of children in such cases of adoption, mainly the New Life Children’s Refuge (NLCR) in Haiti, the Zoe’s Ark in Chad, the Katherine Hart case in Southeast Asian countries, and the twelve United States adop- tive parents’ case in Cambodia. The thesis of this paper is that there are systemic vulnerabilities and gaps in the current global adoption systems across the Third World Countries, thus creating irregularities and scandals that are predictable to an extent, such as the ones in the four cases under consideration. An investigation will be made as to some of the lessons that can be drawn there from. In the end, this paper concludes by highlighting that, although the four do not hint at the full picture of complications that may arise as a result of global adoption in their corresponding regions, they do, indeed, bear important ramif- cations, ones that are ignored at the cost of the well-being of children involved. Abstract : Keywords : Third World Countries, Global Adoptions, Non-Governmental Organi- zation, Child Rescue, Abduction, Child TrafFcking ALTERNATIVES TURKISH JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS www.alternativesjournal.net Compromize and Controversy over Global Intercountry Adoption Kieran E. Uchehara 22 23 Vol. 10, No. 1, Spring 2011 Introduction A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a type of non-proFt organization that works to promote human good while operating independently from the state. 1 The deFnition of an NGO varies slightly from nation to nation, but most NGOs fall within this framework. They carry out extraordinary works and services and, mostly, have a charter or code of conduct. Among such services are working on behalf or the beneFt of children, refugees, and displaced people. Inevitably, during the times of disaster or war, there are individuals or groups that attempt child rescues without the required paperwork or clearance, perhaps creating a questionable framework. However, not all NGOs have a tendency to operate in such manners, but the increase in the so-called “harmful” numbers of such establishments is giving the good ones a bad name. These are, certainly, challenging situations and require closer attention....
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course COMM 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Boise State.
- Fall '08