f_0022426_18480

f_0022426_18480 - Regional Innovation Policy: An Analysis...

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ALTERNATIVES TURKISH JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS www.alternativesjournal.net * Research Assistant at Yalova University, Department of Economics, Turkey, [email protected] Regional Innovation Policy: An Analysis of Turkey’s Aegean, Marmara, East Anatolia and Southeast Anatolia Regions Yavuz Selman Duman * This paper analyzes the main intuition behind the concept of Regional Innovation System (RIS) and the corresponding policy implications in a literal notion. The aspects that are the reasons of regional dispari- ties in terms of innovation such as clusters, agglomerations, research and development (R&D) will be investigated via observing whether development agencies, clusters, industrial zones and universities which overall are contributing factors in regional development exist or not. Aligned with these aspects, this paper analyzes the reasons for the disparities between regions. Consequently, policy approaches and innovation strategies towards the regions that are distinguished due to disparities (as peripheral, metropolitan and industrial regions) will be presented. The following will constitute of the analysis of Turkey’s Aegean, Marmara, East Anatolia and Southeast Anatolia regions with respect to the results reached in the prior analysis. The objective is to investigate the characteristics of the corresponding regions and deter- mine the aspects for the developmental gap between them. The policy applications regarding regional innovation systems, the effects of uni- versities in the mentioned regions and the adopted policies within the process of EU membership are presented. The literal analysis indicates that although in the recent years there have been improvements regard- ing regional development, previously it has been the western regions that received the most attention. These fndings could be verifed in a further research with a thorough statistical analysis using regional data on labour productivity, capital investment, expenditure on R&D, registered patents and economic growth. Abstract : Keywords : Turkey, Regional Innovation Systems, Cluster
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ALTERNATIVES TURKISH JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS www.alternativesjournal.net Regional Innovation Policy Yavuz Selman Duman 38 39 Vol. 10, No. 1, Spring 2011 Introduction Since the topic was undertaken in the early 1990s the literature on regional innovation systems (RIS) have accumulated and constituted a base for research. One among the many empirical studies about RIS is the Cooke’s study, which focuses on regional innovation within Europe. 1 The awareness of this topic in the economic literature has increased in the recent years with the enhanced competitiveness, economic interdependence, globalization and regionalism. The increasing intensity in globalization and global competition has been aspects underlying the increased popularity of the concept of regional innovation systems 2 . The popularity of the subject can also be witnessed in various empirical
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course COMM 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Boise State.

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f_0022426_18480 - Regional Innovation Policy: An Analysis...

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