f_0022427_18481

f_0022427_18481 - Turkish Political Culture and Civil...

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ALTERNATIVES TURKISH JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS www.alternativesjournal.net * Research Assistant, Fatih University, Department of Political Science and Public Administration, [email protected] Turkish Political Culture and Civil Society: An Unsettling Coupling? Begüm Burak * This paper attempts to analyze Turkish politics in the post-1980 pe- riod with a special reference to the relationship among the state elites, political elites and societal actors, and its impact on the constitution of civil society in Turkey. After the 1980 military intervention, the po- litical and economic realms of Turkey witnessed a relative degree of liberalization through Özal’s neo-liberal policies. The January 24 eco- nomic decisions paved the way for economic liberalization as well as letting new economic and societal actors emerge. These new economic actors were different from the prevailing economic actors which used to enjoy a considerable amount of opportunity spaces in the economic sphere. Together with the Özal governments, Islamic segments started to become powerful in both political and economic realms. This paper analyses the chief traits of Turkish politics and economics and their impact upon civil society aftermath the 1980 coup in general, and the relationship and/or interaction among the state elites, political elites and societal actors in particular. The engagements of newly-emerging societal and economic actors into Turkish political scene and the chal- lenge of these actors against the so-called “Kemalist-Republican” elites are also illustrated in the paper. Moreover, state-Islam interac- tion, politics-Islam interaction as well as Kemalism-newly-emerging societal and economic actors interaction will be studied with a special emphasis to the post-1980 period. The major argument of the paper is that, in Turkey, both civil society issues and political issues reveal outcomes which are primarily shaped by the nature of the relationship between state elites and political elites in general and by Turkish po- litical culture in particular. Abstract : Keywords : Turkey; Political Islam; Civil Society; Kemalism; State Elite; Political Elite; Political Culture.
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ALTERNATIVES TURKISH JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS www.alternativesjournal.net Turkish Political Culture and Civil Society: An Unsettling Coupling? Begüm Burak 60 61 Vol. 10, No. 1, Spring 2011 Introduction In the aftermath of the 1980 military intervention in Turkey, a considerable amount of liberalization in both economic and social realms has been witnessed through Özal’s policies. Besides, a relative strengthening of civil society autonomous from the state, a newly-emerging Islamic societal and economic class also blossomed. In the context of new Islamic economic and societal forces, the role of the liberal
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course COMM 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Boise State.

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f_0022427_18481 - Turkish Political Culture and Civil...

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