f_0022428_18482

f_0022428_18482 - Transitioning Afghanistan in the...

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ALTERNATIVES TURKISH JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS www.alternativesjournal.net * Ph.D. student at Florida International University’s School of International and Public Af- fairs and a research fellow at the Middle East Studies Center in Miami, FL, rsana002@fu.edu Transitioning Afghanistan in the Post-Withdrawal Era: Setting the Stage for a Stable Political Order Reza Sanati * Within the coming year, the American led-NATO mission will begin withdrawing troops from Afghanistan. Though the decrease in troop levels in the short-term has been expected, the fnal date wherein all American and NATO troops leave the country is still a matter of heated debate, primarily for two reasons: the inconclusive steadiness of the present Afghan regime and the uncertainty of what a post-withdrawal Afghanistan would like. With this in mind, this article intends to explore both the logic of NATO intervention and the subsequent occupation of that war-torn country. It examines the primary reasons why stability and progress within Afghanistan have been elusive, the current debate amongst policy makers regarding the steps ahead, and fnally proposing an alternative model that proposes a new US and NATO regional strategy that places the burden on Afghanistan stability and reconstruction on neighbors who share the larger NATO goal of a selF-suFfcient and stable AFghan government. Accordingly, the most potentially successful NATO approach towards Afghan stability would adopt the proven economic, social, political, infrastructural, and local governance models of regional states, and honing and adopting those models into the broader Afghan domestic theatre. For this to happen, a new plan of cooperation from both NATO and American policy makers with regional states and their respective civil societies needs to be constructed and implemented. Abstract : Keywords : NATO, Afghanistan, Middle East, War on Terror
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ALTERNATIVES TURKISH JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS www.alternativesjournal.net Transitioning Afghanistan in the Post-Withdrawal Era Reza Sanati 94 95 Vol. 10, No. 1, Spring 2011 Introduction While the US-led NATO effort in Afghanistan is certainly not the Alliance’s Frst mission, the sheer amount of Fnancial resources and manpower that NATO has allocated to that war-torn country constitutes the Afghan mission as being NATO’s “most signiFcant operational commitment to date”. 1 And though the devastating impact of 9/11 reminded the global community of the phenomenon of international terrorism, including the concept of mega-terrorism, the dilemma of the weak state gradually unearthed the overall process of how state failure can act as a safe haven for terrorist organizations for training and logistics, only to be eventually exported abroad. 2
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f_0022428_18482 - Transitioning Afghanistan in the...

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