Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations Vol.3, No.4, Winter 2004
Civilization as the genetic code of civil society
Civilizations as “cultural entities”
World politics, after the decline of Soviet totalitarianism, according to the introduction
to the article by Samuel P., Huntington
“The clash of civilizations?” has entered in a
new phase of the era of struggles between the civilizations. Huntington believes, “the
fundamental source of conflict will not be primarily economic” but, in the framework of
the New World order, “the conflicts will be determined by clashes between the
According to Huntington’s assumptions, “the nation states will remain the most
powerful actors in world affairs, and the principal conflicts in global politics will occur
between nations and groups of different civilizations”, while “the clash of civilizations
will dominate global politics” (Huntington: 1993).
Civilization identity, which, according to Huntington, “will be increasingly important in
the future”, is differentiated by him in large measure by the interactions among seven or
eight major civilizations: Western, Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-
Orthodox, Latin American and possibly African civilization.
Huntington argues: there is not to group countries in terms of political or ideological
systems neither in terms of the level of their economic development, then rather in
terms of their culture and civilization.
According to Huntington, the civilizations are differentiated from each other by their
history, language, Culture, Tradition and most important, by their religion. This
differentiation, as a concise concept of “cultural entity” finds its expression in an
essential and global formulation of “civilization” as a prerequisite to the identification