f_0007409_6322

f_0007409_6322 - US Policy towards the Islamic World...

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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 7, No. 2 & 3, Summer & Fall 2008 37 US Policy towards the Islamic World Enayatollah Yazdani* Introduction US relations with the Islamic world are a part of its international relations that cannot be overlooked. Here the main questions are how America has instituted its policy towards the Muslim world? How has the US global hegemony affected the Islamic World? How US policy towards the Islamic World may be influenced by the radical Islamic movements? And what is the influence of the war in Iraq on perceptions of US relations with the Islamic World? This paper aims to answer these questions. Actually, the USA has not kept a single policy towards the Islamic nations during and after the Cold War. In other words, American relationships with the Muslim World varied from time to time and nation to nation. During the Cold War, for instance, in some countries the USA had been a supporter of some Islamic movements as an instrument in the fight against the Soviet Union or the pro-Soviet governments in the Muslim countries. Whereas, in other countries America had been acting against the same movements. In the 1980s, Washington openly backed the Afghan Mujahedin in their struggle against the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan. i However, after the Cold War in late 1990 America strived to overthrow the Taliban regime, which its people more or less belonged to the Mujahedin . Whilst, in Iran the CIA overthrew the moderate constitutional government of Mohammed Mosadeq backed by the Islamic movement in 1953, followed by years of support for the brutal government of the Shah, this led directly to the rise of the Islamic revolution in 1979 2 . The main argument in this paper is that although US has followed a double standard policy towards the Islamic World, its relationships with the Muslim nations has been based on
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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 7, No. 2 & 3, Summer & Fall 2008 38 a kind of hegemony which had taken shape in the Cold War age and has continued in the post-Cold War era. US policy towards the Islamic World during the Cold War: The Middle East at the centre During the Cold War American, effort was to develop its presence in different parts of the world including Muslim countries to contain the Soviet Union, and to achieve its international objectives. Chifley among them was the Middle East as a main part of the Islamic World. However, the Soviet Union was also willingness to expand its influence in the region. The Middle East was important to the United States for several reasons. First, the large oil and gas reserves of this area could play a significant role in the US industries. Second and more important was the strategic location of the region, which could help America to protect communist development. In addition to these two elements to Washington the Middle East was important due to the Arab-Israel dispute. 3
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Anchustegui during the Fall '11 term at Boise State.

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f_0007409_6322 - US Policy towards the Islamic World...

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