Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 7, No. 2 & 3, Summer & Fall 2008 37US Policy towards the Islamic World Enayatollah Yazdani* Introduction US relations with the Islamic world are a part of its international relations that cannot be overlooked. Here the main questions are how America has instituted its policy towards the Muslim world? How has the US global hegemony affected the Islamic World? How US policy towards the Islamic World may be influenced by the radical Islamic movements? And what is the influence of the war in Iraq on perceptions of US relations with the Islamic World? This paper aims to answer these questions. Actually, the USA has not kept a single policy towards the Islamic nations during and after the Cold War. In other words, American relationships with the Muslim World varied from time to time and nation to nation. During the Cold War, for instance, in some countries the USA had been a supporter of some Islamic movements as an instrument in the fight against the Soviet Union or the pro-Soviet governments in the Muslim countries. Whereas, in other countries America had been acting against the same movements. In the 1980s, Washington openly backed the Afghan Mujahedinin their struggle against the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan.iHowever, after the Cold War in late 1990 America strived to overthrow the Taliban regime, which its people more or less belonged to the Mujahedin. Whilst, in Iran the CIA overthrew the moderate constitutional government of Mohammed Mosadeq backed by the Islamic movement in 1953, followed by years of support for the brutal government of the Shah, this led directly to the rise of the Islamic revolution in 19792. The main argument in this paper is that although US has followed a double standard policy towards the Islamic World, its relationships with the Muslim nations has been based on
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