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Unformatted text preview: Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 8, No. 1, Spring 2009 85 Causes for Participation in hegemonic Governance Cornelia Beyer* Abstract This article argues that the causes for participation in Global Governance are to be found in part in the mere structure of it. In the debate about Global Governance, largely, the issue of power is neglected. However, we certainly deal with a hegemonic constellation. Therefore, the power is present and exerted in Global Governance. It is argued here, that the exertion of power in Global Governance by the United States is causal for participation in it. The study looks at the Global Governance of Counterterrorism, i.e. the Global War on Terrorism, and the regional organizations of ASEAN and the EU. Participation in Hegemonic Governance Why is there participation in Global Governance? This was the research question that this research started with. It can be assumed that generally Global Governance is a natural outcome of Globalization. Global Governance thus is a group phenomenon. States engage in multilateral ordering activities in order to deal with the new transnational issues that are posed by globalization and its accompanying interdependence. Interdependence thus leads to cooperation and participation in Global Governance. Yet, I assume that it is not that simple. There might be more and different reasons for participation in Global Governance and this thesis is set out to research on these. So, the central question is after “root causes” of participation in Global Governance. Why is it that actors engage in this common pursuit? What are the reasons? Whereas it could be argued, that Global Governance as such is a necessary result of globalization, participation in Global Governance is not an automatic result only of interdependence but has its distinct causes and motivations. Other factors might play a role in Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 8, No. 1, Spring 2009 86 participation in this common pursuit of states. What are these factors? This was the question pursued in this research project. There is the need for further research on participation and the causes thereof in Global Governance. Results on these issues are lacking in the current literature. It is important to ask about participation in Global Governance in order to understand the mechanisms and processes that lead to this common pursuit of states and to be able to influence and work towards a better functioning, hence more participation, in it. If Global Governance is indeed the model for world politics in the future, we need a better understanding of how it can be achieved, constructed and spread. The different actors in the world - not only, but also, states - it is argued, will need to cooperate anyway in order to solve such diverse global problems as climate change, health challenges, migration, and global violence (terrorism being one part of it). It will be useful to know how this cooperation can be brought about, which causal mechanisms...
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- Fall '08
- International Relations, Counter-terrorism