Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol.4, No.4, Winter 200533Cultural and Religious Identities in Era of Information and Communications Globalization Mohammad Reza Neyestani* Information and communication revolution is one of the most important instruments in globalization. In fact , Information and Communications Globalization has changed people's relations and the meaning of time , space and have reduced distance and has demolished physical boundaries and has increased relations between people, governments and cultures . In recent years, culture globalization with rise of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) has undoubtedly accelerated a uniform world culture and democracy and world modern values are proceeding strongly through various aspects of life: cultural industries ,international language, music, press, media and etc. In this increasingly globalized culture and modernity, south countries have little or no margin of action as they can to position themselves into the so called Global village. Therefore when we are talking about culture globalization by Information and Communications Technology, we confront with its negative effects as well. The first negative role of culture globalization is cultural, religious and identical conflict in national and international level that is enforced and carried out by the information and communication technology. In fact using of information and communication technology play an important role in the appearance of such conflicts. Communication globalization has modified all political, economic, social and cultural aspects. Globalization which resulted from the use of ICT has increased the basic conflict among old and new cultures, between secularism and religion, between West and East. Hence in era of information and communication that ICT can approach cultures and civilizations, cultural and religious identities have become an increasing source of conflict among and within societies and have increased the conflicts of the present. Thus the fundamental challenge confronting to humanistic and cultural studies and specially in this article is that how in age of information and communication globalization , we can reconcile the conflict and the tension between cultural and religious identities with culture and civilization that want to be special and global. In fact, in this article , we want to answer how can avoid of this real fear that through globalization of ICT ,cultures and identities of world are becoming fragmented and we can even foresee that a nightmarish scenario of cultural homogenization through western values and symbols. We try to say that in era of globalization, ICT should try to protect cultural liberty through expanding men's choices - with attention to cultures, values and identifies themselves.
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