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Unformatted text preview: Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol.4, No.4, Winter 2005 57 The Prospect for Crisis Management and Non- Violent Sustainable Cooperation Reza Simbar* This paper argues that Iran’s struggle for obtaining nuclear technology may lead to a new crisis in the Persian Gulf. As Iran offers its own reasons to have access to this technology, the West has its own perceptions and fears. With a US major role, the emerging crisis may lead to devastating impacts on the Persian Gulf region, the Middle- East the Islamic World and the whole international system. To understand the situation and to manage a workable and comprehensive plan for (negative) peace and stability, the paper explains the main considerations in crisis management, describing the records of crises and relations between Islamic Iran and the West. It suggests that the past 26 years of Western harsh policy toward Iran has proved to be counterproductive and ineffective. It recommends that the combination of security guarantee, economic benefits, support for the right to peaceful nuclear technology and diplomatic negotiation can pave the way for non- violent, sustainable cooperation. The Islamic Revolution in 1979, has been considered as a turning point in Iran-West relations. The US has played a central role in shaping the West orientation toward Tehran. Iran with it’s oil and gas resources, its geopolitical location and its special place in the region and the Islamic world has been viewed as an important regional and international player. Meanwhile Iran’s domestic process is a vital and integrated part of social and political change in the Middle-East , the whole Islamic world and developing countries. The election consolidated control of all branches of the Iranian state – legislative, executive, and judicial in conservative hands. It also brought to the presidency for the first time in the Islamic Republic’s history a non-cleric who ran a populist- style campaign attacking corruption and non-Islamic practices that had crept into government since the death of the Imam Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Revolution, in 1989. President Ahmadinejad claimed a return to the principles of the Islamic Revolution, called for radical economic reforms and social justice, and vowed to build Iran into “ an Islamic, exemplary, advanced and powerful nation”. On nuclear power issues, he indicated Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol.4, No.4, Winter 2005 58 disappointment with Iran’s relatively weak stance in its negotiations with the European Union (EU) but said as well that nuclear technology for military purposes was “ against our Islamic values”....
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Fall '08 term at Boise State.
- Fall '08
- Islamic Revolution