tjir5-3c - Turkey and the EU: A Survey on Turkish MPs EU...

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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 5, No.3, Fall 2006 32 Turkey and the EU: A Survey on Turkish MPs’ EU Vision Kudret Bulbul* Even though Turkey’s dream for being a member of European Union (EU) dates back to late 1950s, it can be said that this process has gained its momentum since the governing period of Justice and Development Party, which is shortly called AK party or AKP in Turkish. When compared with earlier periods, the enormous accomplishments during the AK party’s rule are recognized by domestic and European authorities alike. In the parallel of gigantic steps towards the European membership, which is now a real possibility for Turkey, there have been increasing debates about this process. While some European authorities generate policies over Cyprus issue against Turkey’s membership, some others mainly lead by German Christian Democrats propose a privileged status rather than full membership. Turkish authorities do not stay silent over these arguments, and probably first time the Turkish foreign minister can articulate that “should they (the EU) propose anything short of full membership, or any new conditions, we will walk away. And this time it will be for good” (The Economist 2005 30-31) After October third, Even though Mr. Abdullah Gül, who is the foreign minister of the AK party govenrment, persistently emphasizes that there is no such a concept so-called “privileged partnership” in the framework document, (Milliyet, 2005) the prime minister of France puts forward that this option is actually one of the possible alternatives. Although the EU membership process of Turkey has relatively long history, its future still remains uncertain. In this study, which is based on a survey conducted among the members of the Turkish Grand National Assembly (TGNA), we attempt to analyze whether they support conditionally or unconditionally the EU membership, whether they are ready to relinquish some of their powers to the EU parliament,
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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 5, No.3, Fall 2006 33 what kind of barriers on this process they perceive, what other alternatives for Turkey they can think of in case the European membership does not occur, and finally how much trust they can place in the EU. Because the membership possibility of Turkey is intensively debated within Turkey and EU countries, this study will shed some light on continuing discussions in terms of the perspectives of the TGNA’s members. I. The Brief History of the Relationship Between Turkey and EU The history of the relationship between Turkey and European countries is based on many ages. Even though some European leaders still argue against it, the fact that Turkey is a part of Europe was first recognized by the Paris Treaty in 1856. The history of the adoption process of European values, institutions, and principles goes
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course GENBUS 304 taught by Professor Greed during the Fall '11 term at Boise State.

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tjir5-3c - Turkey and the EU: A Survey on Turkish MPs EU...

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