tjir6-1_2d - Democracy Culture And Practice In Iraq: A...

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Democracy Culture And Practice In Iraq: A Comparative Analyze Of Saddam And Post-Saddam Era Ferhat Pirincci* Democracy practices may change from one state to another, as well as within a state from one era to another. When the recent developments considered, Iraq may be the most striking example of this variability. In this context, with the intervention made in 2003 and the closure of the Saddam era, Iraq has a new constitution and Iraqi people have new “rights and liberties”. Post-Saddam era brought hope for some groups in Iraq while rage for others: Hope especially for Shiites and Kurds who could not find fair representation for years and suffered from oppressive policies of Saddam; but, rage mostly for Sunni Arab tribes who had close ties with Saddam regime and for ex-Baathists and military elites who lost their posts and social status with the collapse of the regime. Also it is certain that the new era still contains ambiguities and state of chaos and disorder prevail. This study analyzes democracy culture and practice of Iraq through comparison of Saddam and post-Saddam era and arrives at some predictions for the future of Iraq. In the aftermath of the intervention, Iraq could not establish a stable political structure; thus, the study will try to answer the question of “Can artificial solutions bring practical gains?” by regarding general characteristics and background of democracy culture in Iraq with a special focus on Saddam era. The intervention process and general constitutional framework of post-Saddam era will be examined through comparisons; and the hopes and obstacles Iraq faces with the recent developments will be emphasized. The study will also deal with practices because it is assumed that how the laws are implemented or brought into life is more important than the legal context. 92
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When considering the artificial solutions, the last constitution 1 of Saddam regime, which was nearly the same as the 1968 Constitution brought into force with the Baathist coup of 1968, and the new constitution 2 , which was prepared under the supervision of US and brought into force with a referendum made on November 15, 2005 will be adopted as basic references. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS AND BACKGROUND OF DEMOCRACY CULTURE IN IRAQ Having been under the Ottoman rule, Baghdad, Mosul, and Basra passed to the British control with the fall of Ottoman Empire after the World War I and “Iraq” was created as a combination of these provinces by Britain. 3 The active British control over Iraq had been questioned with the uprisings after the appointment of Faisal, the son of Sheriff Hussein, as king by Britain. Thereupon British control over Iraq was maintained by the 1922 and 1930 arrangements until the
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course HIST 494 taught by Professor Haus during the Fall '11 term at Boise State.

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tjir6-1_2d - Democracy Culture And Practice In Iraq: A...

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