120Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol.1, No.1, (Spring 2002)Volume 1 Number 1 Spring 2002LEADERSHIP CHANGE: ÖZAL LEADERSHIP AND RESTRUCTURING INTURKISH FOREIGN POLICYMuhittin ATAMAN*The leadership group plays the most important role in foreign policy making inThird World countries. Self-perception, state identity and interests of the leadership groupdetermine the foreign policy orientation and the direction of the state behavior that madebased on gathered information and available resources and alternatives. Each leadershipgroup redefines its “national interests,” its “enemies and friends” and its general objectivesand expectations. National leaders, some of which are eager to take risks and implementcertain policies that bring change, are the main players. While active leaders followproactive foreign policy, passive leaders pursue reactive foreign policy. The orientation ofthe leadership group determines the alliance pattern of the state, its foreign economicrelations and its ethnic policy.I posit that leadership group is more than a certain leader in power; it may becollective as well as individual. The regime or the leadership group is a broader conceptthan the current government. Only with the leadership change, which brings new outlooks
has intentionally blurred sections.
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