tjir_v1n1ceo01

tjir_v1n1ceo01 - Alternatives: Turkish Journal of...

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Unformatted text preview: Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol.1, No.1, (Spring 2002) 1 Recognition and Identity: the case of the Bah Faith Onder CETIN * I. THE PHILOSOPHICAL INQUIRY The inquiry on the demand for Self-consciousness is the starting point for numerous philosophical discourses throughout the historical course. How can I and must I come to be conscious of myself ? asks Robert C. Solomon within the framework of methodological solipsism. This question can be a favourable starting point in the efforts on identifying. The modernization process is a grand turning point on these philosophical inquiries. In contrary to the dominant, old world-view that contructs and shapes itself merely around the term of religion, it is the modernization which settled the humanbeing on the center, as the main criterian of the universe . Dating from that transformist reform , the humanbeing, which was previously a simple object, is henceforward the Subject, the Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol.1, No.1, (Spring 2002) 2 basis of the Knowledge. But at its origin, that concept of the Subject was abstract rather than being an actor in the existent societal equations. The most mature form of that understanding was Descartes concept of cogito. For Descartes, the I of the cogito is clearly not dependent upon other persons and not itself a person... In his sixth Mediation , Descartes alleges that the I is neither person nor human body, but the thinking mind. 1 That proposition was the main allegation that influenced numerous philosophers of the 18 th century, constructed around the hypothesis of an abstract Subject and individual. Following the mentioned philosophical chain, in his dualist conceptualism, arguing that the humanbeings belongs both the world of nature and the reason, Kant offers a more abstract and transcendental subject, rather than a concerete individual. The concept offered by Kant on the Subject was ahistoric, (...) and abstract. 2 As a turning point, Hegel was the primary name on rejecting that abstract fiction of the Subject isolated from societal relations. Though criticized by Marx as reducing the subject to thougt and neglecting to express the real Subjects as the starting point, Hegel added the historical dimension and the reference of the Other to that concept of the Subject. 3 To begin with, Hegel negotiates the mentioned abstraction in his Phenomenology of Spirit by accepting: Self-consciousness is in and for itself in and through being in and for itself for another Self-consciousness; that is, it is only as something acknowledged, or recognized. 4 Primarily stressing the importance of social relationships/societal equations on the development of an individuals identity, today that predecessor approach on the individual, or in Hegelian term the Self-consciousness , is employed in many political arguments on the allegation that the plural societies can be build on the basis of equal recognition of the Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol.1, No.1, (Spring 2002) Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol....
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tjir_v1n1ceo01 - Alternatives: Turkish Journal of...

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