Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol.1, No.4, Winter 2002
resistance worldwide. Moreover, it is in the nature of the present capitalist crisis that no mediations are
possible, and that development planning in the Third World give way to war.
That the connection between integration in the global economy and warfare is not generally
recognized is due to the fact that globalization today, while in essence continuing the late nineteenth-
century colonial project, presents itself primarily as an economic programme. Its first and most visible
weapons are structural adjustment programmes, trade liberalization, privatization, and intellectual
property rights. All these policies are responsible for an immense transfer of wealth from the Third
World to the metropoles, but they do not require territorial conquest, and thus are assumed to work by
purely peaceful means.
Military intervention too is taking new forms, often appearing under the guise of benevolent
initiatives, such as "food aid" and "humanitarian relief", or, in Latin America, the "war against drugs". A
further reason why the marriage between war and globalization--the form that imperialism takes today--
is not more evident is that most of the new "globalization wars" have been fought on the African
continent, whose current history is systematically distorted by the media, which blame every crisis in it
on the Africans' alleged "backwardness", "tribalism", and incapacity to achieve democratic institutions.
Africa, War and Structural Adjustment
In reality, the situation in Africa shows the coincidence between the implementation of the
structural adjustment programmes
(SAPs) introduced in the 1980s by the World Bank and the