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Unformatted text preview: Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol.1, No.4, Winter 2002 281 Indian Ocean in the Globalizing World V.S. Sheth* Being enclosed in the west, north and east by Eurasian, Indian and Australasian land mass and having been spread over tropics, warm waters of the Indian Ocean have given rise to uniform wind and precipitation patterns and navigable currents, influencing agriculture, trade and human habitat. Movement of trade and population have combined with geoclimatic and geoeconomics to create an idea of common geographical space encompassing enormous social, cultural, linguistic, religious and political diversity. Although smaller than pacific and Atlantic, Indian Ocean has been traversed since times immemorial. People living on Asian-African littoral states traded with each other and also with the Romans and Greeks through the medium of Indian Ocean waters before and after the beginning of the Christian era. Given the technological capabilities of the communities living on the littorals then, Indian Ocean was a complete Universe for the people of the region. Defined as intensity and extent of international interactions, globalization could be viewed as an age old phenomenon having changing pace and dynamics, though it has acquired variety of meanings and have different starting points for different people. The movement of trade and people between littorals was peaceful, without an aspect of domination. Indian Ocean waters provided a medium for cultural and human influences to spread across continents. All these ended with the onset of Age of discoveries. From 16 th century onwards ocean waters Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol.1, No.4, Winter 2002 282 became maritime highway for European, trade going in all directions. The European quest for wealth and prosperity led to internationalization of their trade, migration of populations, setting up of new societies, creation of new linguistic and cultural patterns. The Indian Ocean was converted into European lake with the discovery all sea route to the East. The trade route between the littorals was subsumed by the dominant European trading interests. Growth of Science and technology followed increase in material prosperity and this affected the political and economic set-up of European societies. The monarchical feudal order collapsed and political authority was relocated in democratic nation-states. The emerging trading and industrial classes became the basis of new European political structure. Strong overseas trading and commercial linkages were put in place through scientific and technological developments in transport, communication and medicine enabling human spirit to overcome geographical barriers and with stand health hazards....
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2012 for the course POLS 494 taught by Professor Garymoncrief during the Fall '11 term at Boise State.
- Fall '11