Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol.1, No.4, Winter 2002281Indian Ocean in the Globalizing WorldV.S. Sheth*Being enclosed in the west, north and east by Eurasian, Indian and Australasian land mass andhaving been spread over tropics, warm waters of the Indian Ocean have given rise to uniformwind and precipitation patterns and navigable currents, influencing agriculture, trade and humanhabitat. Movement of trade and population have combined with geoclimatic and geoeconomicsto create an idea of common geographical space encompassing enormous social, cultural,linguistic, religious and political diversity. Although smaller than pacific and Atlantic, IndianOcean has been traversed since times immemorial. People living on Asian-African littoral statestraded with each other and also with the Romans and Greeks through the medium of IndianOcean waters before and after the beginning of the Christian era. Given the technologicalcapabilities of the communities living on the littorals then, Indian Ocean was a completeUniverse for the people of the region.Defined as intensity and extent of international interactions, globalization could beviewed as an age old phenomenon having changing pace and dynamics, though it has acquiredvariety of meanings and have different starting points for different people. The movement oftrade and people between littorals was peaceful, without an aspect of domination. Indian Oceanwaters provided a medium for cultural and human influences to spread across continents. Allthese ended with the onset of Age of discoveries. From 16thcentury onwards ocean waters
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