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tjir_v1n4shv01 - Indian Ocean in the Globalizing World V.S...

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Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol.1, No.4, Winter 2002 281 Indian Ocean in the Globalizing World V.S. Sheth* Being enclosed in the west, north and east by Eurasian, Indian and Australasian land mass and having been spread over tropics, warm waters of the Indian Ocean have given rise to uniform wind and precipitation patterns and navigable currents, influencing agriculture, trade and human habitat. Movement of trade and population have combined with geoclimatic and geoeconomics to create an idea of common geographical space encompassing enormous social, cultural, linguistic, religious and political diversity. Although smaller than pacific and Atlantic, Indian Ocean has been traversed since times immemorial. People living on Asian-African littoral states traded with each other and also with the Romans and Greeks through the medium of Indian Ocean waters before and after the beginning of the Christian era. Given the technological capabilities of the communities living on the littorals then, Indian Ocean was a complete Universe for the people of the region. Defined as intensity and extent of international interactions, globalization could be viewed as an age old phenomenon having changing pace and dynamics, though it has acquired variety of meanings and have different starting points for different people. The movement of trade and people between littorals was peaceful, without an aspect of domination. Indian Ocean waters provided a medium for cultural and human influences to spread across continents. All these ended with the onset of Age of discoveries. From 16 th century onwards ocean waters
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