Public Speaking Notes.docx - Chapter 4 Choosing a Speech Topic and Purpose What to remember about speeches o What is the speaking situation o What

Public Speaking Notes.docx - Chapter 4 Choosing a Speech...

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Chapter 4: Choosing a Speech Topic and Purpose What to remember about speeches. o What is the speaking situation? o What topics are interesting and relevant to me? What evokes strong feelings Positive or negative o What topics will be interesting and relevant to my audience? What are the audience interests? Where do those interests intersect with yours? How can you build a sense of community? Constraints o Speech context Why you are giving the speech o Speech constraints Location Audience demographics Time o Types of speeches in this course Informative Persuasive Celebratory Brainstorming topics o Let your mind wander Word association Also called free association No right or wrong answers Helps begin the process o Write down your ideas o Concept mapping Draw a circle Label it with your initial concept Draw more circles Research o Searching materials for Information Background Context
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Narrowing your topic o Define your general speech purpose To inform or teach To persuade To celebrate, honor, or mourn o Write your purpose statement Write a thesis statement Single sentence Should overlap with speech purpose Written after the purpose is defined Chapter 5: Types of research o Common knowledge Often times opinion Things that you state out loud and everyone agrees i.e. “Who is the President?” o Personal experience Use specific examples, but not as citied sources o Internet research o Library research o Interviews Why research matters o Credibility o Common trust Truth Misinformation Research planning o Narrow your topic during research o Allot sufficient time o Develop a list of possible sources o Take notes o Print your sources Popular research databases o Ebsco academic search complete o Gale academic OneFile o LexisNexis academic o JSTOR o Library
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Researching on the internet o Research databases vs. web searches o Assessing reliability Who is the information provider? o Fact checking Factcheck.org The three “hecks” of internet source reliability o Who the heck wrote it? o Who the heck paid for it? o When the heck was it published? To Wikipedia or not to Wikipedia? o Crowd sourced entries o Multiple authors Anyone can edit o DO NOT CITE WIKIPEDIA The research interviews o Prepare ahead of time o Secure recording permissions o Listen actively o Transcribe your recording Citing sources o Standard formats MLA APA For public speaking Chicago AMA
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Chapter 10: Nonverbal communication o All communication outside of spoken word 86-90% of communication is nonverbal o Often focused on body Haptics Touch o How you touch and hold things Proxemics Distance o How far away you are Body language What you say with your body Vocalics o Volume Loudness Adjust to size of room Most important vocalic factor o Pitch Sound frequency (low to high) Use to express mood o Articulation Clear pronunciation Practice (pen-in-mouth exercise) o Pronunciation Accepted way a word sounds
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  • Spring '08
  • Ferderer
  • Public speaker, Eulogy

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