History 203 - History 203 January 13th 2011 Reconstruction...

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History 203 January 13 th , 2011 Reconstruction and aftermath of the Civil War -civil war ended in 1865 but social and political stability did not immediately return to the united states -Ku Klux Klan founded in 1866 in Tennessee -Reconstruction act- March 1867: federal troops occupy the south -1876 presidential election- Tilden and Hayes -In the south, the end of legal slavery did not inaugurate an era on interracial peace and harmony -in the north, labor unrest was widespread throughout the period United States Constitution (1787) -radical -unprecedented amount of freedom and liberty -replaced monarchy -established democracy -established checks and balances -people living in the united states are property Article 1, section 2 -representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other persons. Article 1, sec. 9 -importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit shall not be prohibited by the congress prior to the year on thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. article Iv, sec. 2 -no person held to service or labour in one state, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein be discharged from such service or labour, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labour may be due Article V -the congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution…Provided that no amendment which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article 13 th amendment (1865) outlawed slavery: “neither slavery nor involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist with the US or any place subject to their jurisdiction 15 th amendment (1870) states that Americans have the right to vote and that this cannot be abridged “on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude” 14 th amendment (1868) remains one of the most significant and controversial amendments -five main provisions
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1. Makes all persons born or naturalized in the United States citizens 2. Prohibits states from making any laws that “abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States: and it gives all citizens “equal protection of the laws” 3. States that denied adult male citizens, including African Americans, the right to vote would have their representation in congress reduced 4. All high-ranking former confederates are barred from holding public office unless
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2012 for the course HST 203 taught by Professor Stamm during the Spring '11 term at Michigan State University.

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History 203 - History 203 January 13th 2011 Reconstruction...

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