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CEP Group Project Chap 10 - Chapter 10 Understanding Autism...

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Chapter 10: Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) ASD: a wide variety of characteristics that set them apart from typical peers as well as peers with other disabilities. The traditional term used is Autism. A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age 3 that adversely affects a child's educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences. Because autism is diagnosed by a doctor, it is important to know what the medical definition. PDD: Pervasive Developmental Disorder is a term in which children and youth are characterized by severe ad pervasive impairment in several areas of development, reciprocal social interaction skills, communication skills or the presence of stereotyped behavior, interest, and activities. Autistic Disorder is reserved for individuals who display social interactions and communication impairments as well as repetitive restricted interest and activities prior to 36 months of age. CAUSE OF ASD The reason is not known, but professionals agree that the symptoms of these disabilities are triggered by genetic differences or other malfunctions in the brain. Biological factors: currently working on DNA might be responsible for this. Most parents with ASD rarely have children with ASD Research to date suggests that no single genetic factor is responsible for causing ASD With a MRI professionals have found that people with ASD have fewer cells, higher cell density, or less volume than in typical individuals. Environmental factors: NOT a cause for ASD, but the environment does contribute to the number and intensity of symptoms. Positive, structured environments help improve behavior problems. Autism and Immunizations Some think that shots like used for measles, mumps and rubella are the cause of ASD. Research to date does not have a link between these shots and ASD Characteristics: individuals with autism spectrum disorders have difficulty relating appropriately to others. Cognitive and Academic Characteristics: -irregular patterns of cognitive and educational strengths and deficits -have some level of intellectual disability -Rote Memory: the ability to easily remember things without necessarily knowing what they mean. -a child with autism may hear certain words or phrases in conversation and then use them in a rote manner that mimics comprehension. -may be a disadvantage for students with autism spectrum disorders -although chunks of information are stored in memory, students with this exceptionality may have trouble retrieving them.
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