CEP FINAL EXAM - The IDEA definition of a Learning...

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The IDEA definition of a Learning Disability is a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do mathematical calculation, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. Specific learning disability does not include a learning problem that arises primarily as the result of visual, hearing or motor disabilities, of mental retardation or emotional disturbance, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage (Friend, p. 127). Formal and informal assessments are used to identify learning disabilities in students. These assessments are designed to create a picture of a student’s learning capacity, academic achievement in reading and mathematics, social and emotional skills, and behavior patterns. A Formal assessment either uses norm-referenced tests or criterion-referenced tests. A Norm- referenced test is when a student taking the test is being compared to a large number of students or norm group. A Criterion-referenced tests are tests designed to determine whether a student has learned a specific body of information, so they represent an absolute standard rather than the comparative standard of norm-referenced test. Classroom Assessments is an informal, second type of data that is gathered to determine whether a student has a learning disability. Curriculum- based measurement is designed specifically to supplement information obtained from formal assessments by sampling a student’s understanding of the classroom curriculum. A Portfolio assessment is a collection of a student’s work that demonstrates the quality and program of their learning. Finally, in order for a student to be identified as having a learning disability, federal law requires that he be observed in the general education classroom or, for young children, in a school-like environment (Friend, p. 140-141). Eligibility: 1. Does a significant gap exist between the student’s ability and academic achievement? 2. Is the learning problem the result of a disorder in an area of basic psychological processing involved in understanding language? 3. Can other possible cause of the learning problem be eliminated? 1a.) To be eligible for education one of the criteria is having a significant gap between the student’s ability and academic achievement. (Friend, p.141-142)Germaine was in the second grade when he was tested, and was reading at a level of 3.3. He was right on task with his letter word and passage comprehension, with a second grade level, and he was at the right level for math calculations. The only area he fell behind in was applied problems in math where he performed at a first grade level (casse, p. 40). Although Germaine had a hard time expressing himself verbally, he did not have a hard time processing or understanding language. There could
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CEP FINAL EXAM - The IDEA definition of a Learning...

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