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HST 150 FINAL - HST 150 Final Exam After World War One the...

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HST 150 Final Exam After World War One the Middle East was left in the hands of forceful countries. Although much of the Middle East aspired to be their own nation states, mandates were put in place to make sure this would not happen for some time. France, Great Britain, Russia and Germany were big countries in Europe that had become far more advanced than their surrounding smaller Middle Eastern countries. With the ability to govern and control their own nations, they saw it fit to “help” other countries regain strength within their country. However, this was a way for countries to take advantage of Middle Eastern resources and territory while the Middle East remained helpless against the mandates. However, a few countries with brace nationalists would be able to fight back for their rights and regain control of their own country and claim their independence. The rise of intense nationalism, abrasive colonial rivalries, and struggle for power eventually lead to the First World War. When European governments adopted foreign policies the danger of war steadily increased. National leaders soon began creating alignments with other powers so they would not find themselves alone in a hostile world. The war began with a local war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. Eventually, the formation and continuance of the “Allies” and the “Central Powers” in Europe helped spread the war throughout the world. However, not everything that happened before the war was a cause of the war, and not everything that came after the war was a result of the war. Although Germany was the country with a strong land army, the British and the French recruited soldiers from several surrounding countries to fight for them. In the First World War the British and the French had more of an
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advantage over other nations due to the fact that they had gone through an industrial revolution many years before other nations and had developed technology that some nations were just discovering (BZS, Reilly). During the war, letters passed between the British diplomat, McMahon, and the central figure in the nationalist movement, Prince Hussein, produced much misunderstanding and quarrels between Europeans and the Middle Eastern Arabs. Each man had been representing their own governments and peoples; it was crucial that the right steps were taken. In a letter written in July 1915 to McMahon, Hussein informed him of the terms for Arab participation in the war against the Turks. The following letters “outlined the areas that Britain was prepared to cede to the Arabs.” However, Hussein failed to mention Palestine in one of his letters, therefore, the British argued that the omission had been intentional, and refused the independence of Palestine to the Arabs after the war. McMahon later defended Britain’s position by stating, “It was not intended by me in giving this pledge to King Hussein to include Palestine in the area in which Arab independence was promised. I also had every reason to believe at the time that the fact that
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