HST 150 paper 1 - WA2 Exploration was a newer concept for...

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WA2 Exploration was a newer concept for Europeans in the early 15 th century which sparked wonderment and excitement among the people. What started as a simple search for spices ended up changing the entire world. With the right set of tools, knowledge and determination the Europeans were able to successfully explore the world and merge together the eastern and western hemispheres. The Europeans had advanced technology that helped them explore the world. Among these technologies were ships, sails and navigational instruments. The ships that they built were strong enough to make it through rough waters. They were also built with a rudder on the stern that helped increase the maneuverability of the ship. The ships were also built with two types of sails, a square sail and a triangular lateen sail. The square sail enabled the mariners to take full advantage of the wind from behind, and the lateen sails were able to catch wind from the sides as well as the back. The combination of sails allowed mariners to sail in any type of wind, which led them to successful explorations. Around the mid-twelfth century mariners began using the compass, which was one of the most important navigational instruments among the ships because it determined heading. Astrolabes were also extremely important because they determined latitude (Bentley, Streets-Salter, Ziegler, 370). Although Europeans had advanced ships, Zheng He, an admiral of Asia, had advanced design elements such as rudders and watertight bulwark compartments. These designs would not be introduced to Europe for another 350 years, but European mariners were successful with the tools that they had (Reilly, 553). Aside from technology, general knowledge of winds and currents were also extremely important to the Europeans exploration. Europeans were able to determine direction and latitude and create data about the earth’s geography. They were also able to compile data about their knowledge of winds and currents, and soon became familiar with the oceans around the world.
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HST 150 paper 1 - WA2 Exploration was a newer concept for...

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