HST 150 paper 6 WA7 - Imperialism was known as the...

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Imperialism was known as the domination over lands through military conquest and the establishment of political control. Lately though, informal imperialism is known as the domination of trade, investment, and business activities that allowed” imperial powers to profit from subject societies and influence their affairs without going to the trouble of exercising direct political control.” During the second half of the nineteenth century, strong national opinions empowered Europe to mobilize their populations for overseas expansion. This was made possible through industrialization which equipped them with the most effective tools and lethal weapons available. The Europeans also had the advantage of three centuries worth of knowledge about the world and their peoples. “By the second half of the nineteenth century, the West had industrialized, created more representative governments and open societies than the world had known before, and military might by colonizing much of the rest of the world. For those who looked on from the outside, the West was a force to be reckoned with (Module, B/Z/S pg. 556, Reilly pg. 868). Many Europeans believed that in order for their societies to survive they must have imperial expansion and colonial domination. European people were encouraged to launch campaigns of domination, conquest and control, while other Europeans argued that “imperialism was in the economic interests of European societies as well as individuals.” They believed that having over-seas colonies would become reliable sources for raw materials that were important industrial products. These materials were rubber, tin, copper and petroleum. Imperialists also believed that it was politically important for them to maintain the colonies, along with military reasons. There were some colonies that occupied areas on the world’s sea-lanes and other colonies had harbors or supply stations for commercial and naval ships. Imperialists gained these benefits for themselves and denied them to rivals. Politics also played a part among imperialists,
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“European politicians and national leaders sought to defuse social tension and inspire patriotism by focusing public attention on foreign imperialist ventures” (B/Z/S pg. 557). The imperialist risks that they took had such success partly because of the increasingly
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HST 150 paper 6 WA7 - Imperialism was known as the...

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