HST 150 paper 7 WA8 - WA 8 In 1983 Benedict Anderson...

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WA 8 In 1983 Benedict Anderson explained a nation as "an imagined political community - and imagined as both inherently limited and sovereign." Nationalism was the most successful political force of the 19th century. It emerged from two main sources: the Romantic exaltation of "feeling" and "identity" and the Liberal requirement that a legitimate state be based on a "people" rather than a dynasty or God.” Middle class movements took place with Romantic "identity nationalism" and Liberal "civic nationalism.” There were two main ways of exemplification; inclusion and ethnicity. “It is debatable whether all nationalisms ended up as Chauvinistic and aggressive, but the very nature of nationalism requires that boundaries be drawn. Unless these boundaries are purely civic, successful nationalism, in many cases produced a situation in which substantial groups of outsiders were left within "nation-states” (Module). Anthony Smith believes that "the central question in our understanding of nationalism is the role of the past in the creation of the present.” It has been a clear division between “theorists of nationalism.” Many theorists have believed that the place of “ethnic history has largely determined their understanding of nations and nationalism today.” A strong nation has had the loyalty of millions of people over the past 200 years which inspired tens of millions of people to give up their lives fighting for their country in the 20 th century. Nathan Hale shows an example of this nationalism with his famous quote stating that, "I regret that I have but one life to give for my country." Anthony Smith explains nationalists saying that, "the role of the past is clear and unproblematic. The nation was always there; indeed it is part of the natural order, even when it
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HST 150 paper 7 WA8 - WA 8 In 1983 Benedict Anderson...

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